After reaching the water table, the lateral movement of contaminants is expected to be very slow under prevailing hydraulic gradients. The functional relationship between ozone level and the various independent variables has been determined by using a stepwise multiple regression modelling procedure. Kuwait, a desert country located on the Persian Gulf, has a large petroleum industry with associated industrial and urban land uses. The skies are always blue, and it is sunny most of the time. The air that we breathe is filled with substances and pollutants that are hazardous to our health and these pollutants in the air can take many forms such as gases, solid particles or liquid droplets.
Results showed higher levels of pollution in the urban residential area of Kuwait than in a suburban industrial area in Oman Abdul-Wahab, 2009. It is concluded that the opportunities for emission reduction and control could be best implemented in the road transportation sector using innovative technologies. Generally, two types of concentration variations have been found, depending on whether the species is a primary or a secondary pollutant. Conclusion Air pollution is shorting the life span on planet Earth. Our findings indicate that the ambient air quality parameters were well within the limit of the permissible Kuwaiti Standards for ambient air quality. Global warming is also caused by acid rain.
With the growth of vehicles, the fuel consumption has also increased. The values measured ranged from 39 microg m -3 to 1033 microg m -3. Regression equations were used to study the midweek effect of O3 levels. In cities, where air pollution is the worst, transportation is one of the major causes. Another 20% respondents still drive car between 1 to 3 days per week. Detailed and Summarized Ambient Air Quality and Meteorological data is presented in this paper. They are ranged from 0.
Temperature Observed average temperature during the study period was 33. Khan and Al-Salem 2007a have studied airborne pollutants in an urban area in Kuwait in order to assess the ambient air quality and its suitability for urban living development. However, there are plans for expansion of the plant to increase its existing capacity by adding one more gas liquefaction train train 3. The dispersion of Na2 was examined and compared with measured data during the period from 23 February to 1 April 2001. Words: 891 - Pages: 4.
Humans are the main cause of air pollution. Evaluation of the results showed that the model predicted concentrations lower than those observed. However, in the rural and urban areas, power stations and oil refinery plants makes a huge contribution to air pollution as well. Data mining and soft computing based neural and genetic optimization systems could use for analyzing and visualizing the air quality level. Statement and Outline What is your thesis statement? In general, a main problem in linking the environmental pollution to health effects is the current lack of data about the actual exposure to hazardous pollutants Garriazo et al. Gaseous by-products produced by chemical plants release these toxic gases when their concentration is at a high enough level. It is estimated that half of the Canadian population live currently with a chronic illness and more than 90% of them have these three diseases.
Mainly air quality in Kuwait is affected from burning fossil fuel in power plants, traffic, oil activities and petroleum refineries. Although the hazard index values werewithin the safe range, the population affected with cancer due to benzene inhalation was increasingbased on cancer risk assessment calculations. And the percentage of the respondents who drive car has reached to 80%. Moreover, a study of air quality data in Oman and Kuwait was carried out to monitor certain pollutants including methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and dust Abdul-Wahab, 2009. Data collected includedprimary and secondary pollutants levels as well as major metrological parameters. The study is performed over a period of 21 days. Abstract In this study, we have investigated the link between weather parameters, airborne pollens, air pollutants and the number of asthmatic patient visits in Al Rasheed Allergy Center, Kuwait during a full annual cycle.
Emission types and sources in the region are identified and quantified to understand the monitoring, legislative and reduction need through a systematic review of available literature. Data collected for a period of three years was analyzed and studied for the purpose of assessing the outdoor air quality of an urban area. The measurements cover major pollutants, i. Modarres and Dehkordi, 2005;Nasralla and Seroji, 2007; Abdul-Wahab, 2009;Munir et al. When planning a trip, consider health status, age, destination, length of trip and season to mitigate the effects of air pollution. Local and international rules and regulations were crossreferenced in order to evaluate the air quality of the area under investigation. Mainly air quality in Kuwait is affected from burning fossil fuel in power plants, traffic, oil activities and petroleum refineries.
Respiratory and cardiovascular diseases are representative diseases. Pollutants can be in the form of solid particles, liquid droplets, or gases. Three indoor and one outdoor location were chosen in this investigation. The microanalysis enabled us to identify the metals present in the particles. That is caused by the ozone. Wind speed and wind direction were plotted in the format of wind rose diagram for the study area.
Using the data between 1998 and 2015,I forecast the population of distinct administrative regions,expatriate and Kuwaiti population as well as the overall population of Kuwait. The highway is also used by Al-Ahmadi governorate residents to commute to their work places or Kuwait city. Since the massive air pollution during the Gulf War, Kuwait has made progress in cleaning the environment but air pollution is still rampant. More attention was paid to areas known to researchers as either precursor sensitive i. The World Health Organization states that Ambient outdoor air pollution in both cities and rural areas was estimated to cause 3. This article assesses the air pollution data from two monitoring stations in Kuwait. As a result of increasing traffic, city size, economic development, and industrialization, we have more air pollution problems than ever before.
Finally, governments should spend more money on solving the problem of air pollution. Compared to other metals, Pb emission was high with values ranging from 3 to 15 109 ng m -3 with the mean value being 1 293 ng m -3 ; Cu concentration varied from 3 to 2600 ng m -3 with a mean value of 131 ng m -3 ; Ni concentration ranged from 6 to 46 ng m -3 with a mean value of 17 ng m -3 ; Cr concentration ranged from 1 to 133 ng m -3 with a mean value of 23 ng m -3 while that of Zn varied from 0. At that point it is very harmful. Words: 621 - Pages: 3. Air pollution is also associated with heart attacks and strokes. In any event, several potential pathophysiological pathways for the effects of particles have been suggested ;.