The famed Saint-Simonian critique on private property as well as the mystical glitter was due more to his followers notably Enfantin than himself. Nombrado presidente de la Comuna de París en 1792, renunció a su título nobiliario y se adscribió al ideario haciéndose llamar Claude Henri Bonhomme. Conservative versions of organicism had generally accepted a single equilibrium state with traditional sanction. Sosyoloji biliminin görevi, bu yasanın varlığını gösterip, insanlara bu yasaya itaat etmeyi öğretmektir. El pensamiento de Saint-Simon deriva de su reacción contra el derramamiento de sangre de la Revolución Francesa y el militarismo de. Siendo apenas un niño, se traslada a Estados Unidos para luchar en la guerra de la Independencia estadounidense.
He strongly criticized any expansion of government intervention into the economy beyond ensuring no hindrances to productive work and reducing idleness in society, regarding intervention beyond these as too intrusive. Ele o fez clareando os dogmas e outros exageros ou defeitos que, segundo ele, existiam na e na. Saint Simon suit avec ardeur et succès ses spéculations financières jusqu'en 1797. Thus, in the history of Western man, Saint-Simon discerned two main organic systems. Furthermore, Saint-Simon held no opposition to capitalists as a whole unlike Marx and he regarded them as an important component of the industrial class. In fact, he saw bankers, engineers, and manufacturers under scientific advisement as the best qualified revolutionary leaders of the working-class coalition and hoped that, through their managerial effectiveness and wisdom, destructive class struggles would disappear in the future. Toplumu çaba, , eylem ve yaratma olarak gören; düşünce tarihinde, bilimi olarak gördüğü sosyolojinin düşünce babası olarak tanınan Fransız filozof ve iktisatçısı.
Thenceforth he decided to devote himself to political studies and research. Society thus becomes sole proprietor, entrusting to social groups and social functionaries the management of the various properties. In his analysis he believed that the solution to the problems that led to the French Revolution would be the creation of an industrial society where hierarchy of merit and respect for productive work would be the basis of society, while ranks of hereditary and military hierarchy would lessen in importance in society because they were not capable to lead a productive society. Unlike later conceptions by others of a working class being manual labourers alone, Saint-Simon's conception of this class included all people engaged in productive work that contributed to society, that included businesspeople, managers, scientists, bankers, along with manual labourers amongst others. The Saint-Simonians thought that two survivals of the system enslaved the working-man—lending at interest and inheritance; these two survivals should disappear. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.
Historian Alan Ryan states that by the 1950s it was clear that Saint-Simon had invented the modern understanding of industrial society and its organization. In place of the medieval church, the spiritual direction of society should fall to the men of science. Il reçut plus qu'il n'accepta l'éducation des jeunes hommes de son milieu. L'industrialisme contre l'Etat, éditions de l'Aube, 2010. Récalcitrant, il aurait fini par être enfermé au couvent de Saint-Lazare, en guise de punition. One of these experiments was an unhappy marriage in 1801 to , undertaken so that he might have a. The second volume was chiefly by Enfantin, who along with Bazard stood at the head of the society, but who was superior in philosophical acumen and was prone to push his deductions to extremities.
But his funds were spent by 1804, and he lived his last twenty years in modest circumstances, at times verging on poverty, largely cut off from his former glittering life. Saint-Simonism declared that history was progressing toward an era of peace and industrial development, and advocated state ownership of property. This was only possible in the first few years of the revolution because of the growing instability of the political situation in France, which prevented him from continuing his financial activities and indeed put his life at risk. Elles ont la particularité d'avoir influencé plus ou moins fortement des courants très variés, allant du , , jusqu'au , , etc. Henri Saint-Simon 1760-1825 : selected writings on science, industry, and social organization. From this time until the he tried a variety of ambitious promotional ventures with little success. Terug in zijn vaderland raakte hij in de ban van het gedachtegoed en deed afstand van zijn titel.
He strongly criticized any expansion of government intervention into the economy beyond ensuring no hindrances to productive work and reducing idleness in society, regarding intervention beyond these as too intrusive. He conceived of an orderly progression of stable organic civilizations that represent different stages of advancement. Religious views Prior to the publication of the Nouveau Christianisme, Saint-Simon had not concerned himself with. Bazard, a man of stolid temperament, could no longer work in harmony with Enfantin, who desired to establish an arrogant and fantastic with lax notions as to marriage and the relations between the sexes. In his final years he inspired a Christian socialist movement with a secular gospel of human brotherhood.
The school of Saint-Simon strongly advocated a social hierarchy in which each person would be placed according to his capacity and rewarded according to his works. Ayudado por uno de sus discípulos, Henri de Saint-Simon planificó la creación de un nuevo periódico, Le Producteur, pero falleció antes de su aparición. Political Economy from Below: Economic Thought in Communitarian Anarchism 1840-1914: Economic Thought in Communitarian Anarchism, 1840-1914. A declaração foi sobre os princípios de uma ideologia chamada industrialismo, que clamava pela criação de uma sociedade liderada por pessoas que ele definiu como classe industrial. Saint-Simon had not concerned himself with theology previous to the writing of Nouveau Christianisme. Edited and translated with an introduction by F.
Fondo de Cultura Economica: México, D. He regarded the origins of this parasitic activity by idlers as being associated with what he regarded as the natural laziness of humanity. The future society portrayed is, above all, one of productive achievement, with poverty and war eradicated through bold, large-scale industrialization under planned scientific guidance. Saint-Simon reviewed the French Revolution and regarded it as an upheaval driven by economic change and class conflict. Saint-Simon staat bekend als een vroege. Tras su muerte, sus discípulos popularizaron su ideología durante el Segundo Imperio. Unas acusaciones de especulación con los bienes nacionales y sus relaciones con , que no eran vistas con buenos ojos, dieron con él en la cárcel en 1793, aunque fue liberado en 1794.