The success of the whole would depend entirely on how well you could persuade readers to accept the analogy! To speak of counter arguments is not to assume that there are only two sides to a given issue nor that there is only one type of counter argument. One example would be the topic sentence. Man kann in dieser Strategie aber auch eine Gefahr für die Demokratie sehen: Wenn sich die Themen der Populisten im demokratischen Mainstream etablierten, stünden Werte wie Gleichheit, Minderheitenschutz und die freie Rede auf dem Spiel, lautet das Gegenargument. Related Terms Rhetoric Rhetoric is the art of persuasion, either through speaking or writing. They also set up the chance to refute the opposition and show why your position is the right one to have.
If the issues espoused by populists become established in the democratic mainstream, values like equality, protection of minorities and free speech are at stake, runs the counterargument. Lesson Summary A counterargument is a viewpoint that opposes your main argument. This is a common rhetorical device in poetry, but is also found in music. You might proceed with examples of places such as states or countries where gun laws have reduced crime. For example, you might argue against war by drawing an extended analogy between the war on terrorism and World War 2. A thesis is proposed, and then evidence is offered suggesting the thesis is true. Avoid inflammatory language calling the opposition 'foolish,' for example and maybe declare that you understand their points.
You may concede it, minimize it, dismiss it as irrelevant, or attack the supporting evidence or underlying premise. Although not all poetry has rhyme or meter, most classical poems do, and these rhetorical devices were probably important in helping poets memorize their works and sing them in front of audiences. This strategy may also be seen as a threat to democracy, however. Refute their position with arguments that directly focus on the opposing claims. So, how do we write a counterargument? A counterargument is to present evidence for the emphasis to be placed on prevention, instead of continuation of the cycle: bully then punish. Examples of Rhetorical Devices Example 1 is a word- or sentence-level rhetorical device in which the author exaggerates a particular point for dramatic effect.
Die genannten wirtschaftlichen, ökologischen, umweltbezogenen und verfahrenstechnischen Probleme im Zusammenhang mit dem Abkommen sind so schwerwiegend, dass sie das mögliche Gegenargument für die Erteilung der Zustimmung zu der Verlängerung des Protokolls überwiegen. Rhetoric has fallen from its former place of honor, and perhaps this explains the lack of productive dialogue in our political arena, driven as it is by sound bites and personal attacks. In ancient Greece, the concept of rhetoric was given huge cultural importance, and philosophers like Aristotle wrote whole books on rhetoric and the techniques of convincing others. Because the city was not literally left flat, this is an exaggeration, and therefore hyperbole. Synonyms of counterargument may include rebuttal, reply, counterstatement, counterreason, comeback and response.
The boy uses the counterargument that she has been around some dogs without any problems. Responding to a counter argument does not mean utterly obliterating it. A counterargument might be that people need guns to protect themselves against intruders and government tyranny. Using counterarguments will sharpen your own thinking as you write the turn against. Example 3 The counterargument is the most important rhetorical device for college-level essays.
A child may argue for a dog. The doubts of skeptical readers can be anticipated and their objections can be pre-empted. Without interference it becomes a cycle, bad for the victim and the bully who feels powerful and sometimes ashamed after the fact. The completed essay can then contain a persuasive tactic which will often disarm the reader. . Sentence Level Most rhetorical devices operate at the sentence level. To speak of counterarguments is not to assume that there are only two sides to a given issue nor that there is only one type of counterargument.
As counterarguments are contemplated, some writers discover their own views shifting, which results in an essay or paper being written from the side they originally were against. And where is he now, padre? After you've provided the counterargument, your job is to refute it in a balanced and reasonable way and prove your thesis statement correct. A counter argument might seek to cast doubt on facts of one or more of the first 's premises, to show that the first argument's contention does not follow from its premises in a valid manner, or the counterargument might pay little attention to the premises and common structure of the first argument and simply attempt to demonstrate that the truth of a conclusion is incompatible with that of the first argument. However, imagine other views, whether another person's or your own resistance to the argument. You can help Wikipedia by. The parents remind the child his sister is allergic to dogs. Structural Level Some rhetorical devices cover the whole structure of a piece of writing.
But this is a shame, since we are very much in need of leaders who have mastered the art of persuasive reasoning and respectful argumentation. Every objection does not have to be argued against, and do not include it just to include it. For a given argument, there are often a large number of counterarguments, some of which are not compatible with each other. Das Gegenargument hierzu beruht auf dem Unterschied zwischen Leistungsbilanzdefizit und Handelsdefizit. Paragraph Level Paragraph-level rhetorical techniques are especially important in essays, where they help to signal the structure of the argument.