Lamott offers sane advice for those struggling with the anxieties of writing, but her main project seems to be offering the reader a reality check regarding writing, publishing, and struggling with one's own imperfect humanity in the process. For annotations, you could say what the main point of the article is that soot produced by pollution landing on ice absorbs heat because of its low albedo, and thereby leads to ice melting and atmospheric warming through a positive feedback , maybe how the study was conducted, and was was found specifically, and whether this information would be useful for your debate, either pro or con. Students should find Lamott's style both engaging and enjoyable. Assignment: As part of your assignment for group debates at the end of the term, you will need to conduct some research on your debate topic. While an abstract also summarizes an article, book, Web site or other type of publication, it is purely descriptive. You may want to investigate how scholarly sources are treating this topic differently than more popular sources. For most of your annotated bibliographies, however, you will be writing analytical or critical annotations.
The author points out that skepticism of new media have gone back to the time of the ancient Greeks, so this controversy surrounding video games is nothing new. To add the annotation, drop down two lines after your bibliographic citation. Ideally, a student should read everything within the article or book she is using, but this can be very time consuming. For example, if putting together an extensive annotated bibliography for stem cell research, it might be best to divide the sources into categories such as ethical concerns, scholarly analyses, and political ramifications. Locate records to materials that may apply to your topic. To make it easier for you to create your reference page, write your notes in the format you will be using when you construct this part of the assignment. Sophia pretended to read books by looking at the pictures and making letter sounds.
Once your primary evaluation is complete, you will move on the assessing the content itself. Clearing House: A Journal Of Educational Strategies, Issues And Ideas, 82 3 , 113-118. If the home office is not given or known then choose the first location listed. He traces the history of rhetoric to the Ancient Greeks, and provides an abridged timeline, following their use and evolution through to modern day. It would probably be a good reference to use simply for saying that scientists with good credentials have done the work, but it might also be a good idea to find supplemental mass-media works that quote this study and would be easier to digest.
Sophia asks questions to the teacher and seems really interested in learning new things. Some of this material can be very useful for a debate, but because it represents either opinion or is somewhat removed from the original research, it is a less reliable source of information than scholarly research. In summary, the key to writing a complete and properly formatted annotated bibiography is to review your source material, take detailed notes, select the format to be used for the annotations. These details also help other students and researchers find and read the source materials. Include one or more sentences that a evaluate the authority or background of the author, b comment on the intended audience, c compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or d explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic. Children's attitudes toward handicapped peers.
Notable for thoroughness of research techniques. She is very observant and smart. Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style. Success in Educational Leadership: An Annotated Reference List Lumpkin, A. Overview Below you will find sample annotations from annotated bibliographies, each with a different research project. Taking a humorous approach to the realities of being a writer, the chapters in Lamott's book are wry and anecdotal and offer advice on everything from plot development to jealousy, from perfectionism to struggling with one's own internal critic.
Review our resources on the following pages for more information about each component of an annotated bibliography. Each citation is followed by a brief usually about 150 words descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. Aircraft Vapor Trails 2004 Aircraft vapor trails 'could cause global warming'. He held the Spencer Chair in Organizational Studies in the School of Education and the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University. The Role and Practice of the Principal in Developing Novice First-Year Teachers.
A mass-media reference is everything else; it is typically meant for the public, and represents either opinion, or a discussion of research performed by someone else whose main purpose is to disseminate information rather than draw conclusions. Do not include references that you could not use in your paper. The following information shares 12 instructional procedures to be used in a third grade classroom. The National Curriculum 2014 p. It talked about how Special Education teachers should stand up for the kids in their class and do everything they could to help their students succeed.
Where the author is unknown, alphabetize by the first word in the title, ignoring the words a, an, the. This particular article is a good example of something meant for the educated public; it has no references, but it covers a lot of ground and has information that could be useful for a debate. Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. As a student, this method will help you develop or hone your research skills, providing you with practice not only in locating sources but also in analyzing and evaluating them for relevance and quality. This is an actual web reference with no author, but the link is now broken only a few months after I accessed the page illustrating one problem with purely electronic media, and why a date of downloading needs to be given. It provides a concise description of the project and the book's project and its major features. Annotations can be evaluative and critical as we will see when we look at the two major types of annotations.
By testing his hypothesis that firearms regulations have an inherent effect on everyday citizens, findings yield in support of the hypothesis. Even though this article grew out of a turnaround for one healthcare system, others nationwide would be wise to adopt and follow its discoveries. The study was done in a class of 7 in Maryland over a 4 week period. Your annotation could be just one paragraph, or it could be up to three paragraphs, separated by sections -- summary, evaluation, and usefulness to your research. Take care not to include any unnecessary details, as the goal is to summarize each source as succinctly as possible and, in some cases, evaluate them. Before your debate, you will get together with your groupmates to decide which references to actually use in your debate and your team debate brief.
An is more than a mere list of sources. Topical Reference List: Inclusion of Autism Spectrum Disorder Students Until recently, the common practice was to pull children with Autism or other disabilities out of regular education classrooms for majority of the day or even have them completely segregated. There are no credentials given for the author, so I would assume he is a reporter of some sort and I might not trust this source overly for that reason. After summarizing and assessing, you can now reflect on this source. The author researches several federal and state firearms regulations and their effect on the everyday citizen. Analytical or critical An analytical or critical annotation not only summarizes the material, it analyzes what is being said.