They are either supportive or unsupportive of their children and wards educational development. Technological factors: Technological advancement hasresulted in the production of surplus food, population growth,urbanization and industrialization. A Natural History of Families. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire designed by the researcher along four-point Likert scale. He must leave the ways of thinking and behaving that characterized many of his earlier associations and he must learn, if he can, new ways of thinking and behaving appropriate to his new status. The institution of the family has been universally acknowledged as the oldest institution in history. As such, social positions and successful upward social mobility rely on many different factors that can be unfair and are often beyond our control.
Some professions carry higher prestige in comparison to other professions. Often, these societies assume that wives take on the social class of their husbands. The religious conversion process has often helped a few to achieve social ascendance. Tomul and Polat study revealed that students who attend the top universities in the world are from the richest and the most educated families, because higher academic qualification improves their chances of being placed in a superior social class. In the open system, norms prescribe and encourage mobility. The quantum of income, amount of property and the available avenues of making money normally influence the rate of social mobility, its magnitude and its effects. Other factors: In addition to above mentioned factorsother elements such as wars, ethnic tensions, competition forresources, trade unionism, banking system, human rights movement,enhanced environmental awareness etc.
For many workers, earnings have stalled b. In simple words, vertical mobility stands for change of social position either upward or downward, which can be labelled as ascending or descending type of mobility. Caste memberships are determined by birth and influence occupation and social role. In this way, they change their position upward. In a system open to social mobility based on merit, children and youths will place much more value on excelling in their educational endeavours.
Education: Social mobility is promoted through development, propagation and spread of education. Reservation with regard to admission in professional colleges, job reservation and promotions have a large number of individuals from Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to improve upon their status. Determinants of mobility â¢ Social Mobility: The movement of persons and groups within the stratification system. Though always possible, this is open only to a few. On the contrary, a girl practising hypogamy would lose her status and suffer the risk of social descendance. The individuals are no more attached to their place of birth. The inherent tendency to look for novelty compel man toexperiment new ideas which may sometimes results in theestablishment of new social setup.
Persons are motivated according to a complex variety of factors to work toward new roles, with their higher status and greater rewards. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2 7 , 230-239. Not all achievements will result in social mobility. Demographic factors: Changes in population factors suchas birth rate, death rate, migration or immigration can causechanges in sex ratio, age-ratio and other vital populationparameters. People change their professions or move from rural to urban areas, which ultimately improve their living standards. Open system mobility is generally characterised by occupational diversity, a flexible hierarchy, differentiated social structure and the rapidity of change. Meaning of Social Mobility : Mobility stands for shift, change and movement.
So, poverty, poor housing conditions or even homelessness, food insecurity, lack of access to quality medical care or even just weather-appropriate clothing, a deficient school system and the attendant literacy and numeracy issues, lack of access to culture - all of this can make it more difficult to take the steps needed to move into a different social class. Family position and patron-client associations are useful in achieving success. The Effects of Parental Socio-Economic Status on Academic Performance of Students in Selected Schools in Edu Lga of Kwara State Nigeria. The constant standoff between Muslims and Christians in Nigeria is one example. Government officials, wealthy friends, and community leaders are sponsors at hundreds of weddings and baptisms each year. But in an open society equality of opportunities are provided which encourage more social mobility due to the capabilities and educational achievement of the individuals. Crime in Nigeria rose in the mid-1990s as a result of unemployment, economic decline, and social inequality, which are abetted by inefficient and corrupt police and customs forces.
In the same manner, soldiers occupying almost the lowest position in the army were commissioned as higher ranking officials in recognition of their heroism and good performance in the battles. Even during the period of feudalism good number of efficient serfs and semi-serfs could obtain relatively prestigious positions due to the political opportunities provided for them by the feudal lords. It justifies the inequality in the distribution of the means of production, status symbols, power, position and discourages any attempt to change them. Among manual workers, it is virtually ruled out. Once you are there, you may wonder why it mattered.
You will become somewhat the property of the person who got you there, because you have to remain beautiful and charming, or otherwise valuable to them, to stay there. After two or three generations their new position may be recognized. This study has guided us evenly through the procedure of data gathering for enriched academic writing from the perspective of a developing country. Although we don't usually think about our friends and family as social assets, the people you know and to whom you have access can be very valuable. This has resulted into upward social mobility for them.
Historically, a person's social mobility has been heavily influence by things like family connections or race, but those factors can change depending on what the dominant culture deems valuable. In other words, modernization facilitates social mobility. Fifty years ago, during the civil rights era, people of color were making some progress in their goal of equality, but no one would have believed that an African-American would be elected President of the United States. Religions such as Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism have paid attention to this aspect. For example, the spread of communistpolitical ideology in Kerala brought an end to feudalism followedby drastic changes in class structure which reflected even onfamily relations. Economic factors: Most developing country's, Government can not afford to pay for pension for older citizens, these people wants to save as much as they can in their early age, so they try to have less than 2 kids and save for their future pension. The patient and the healthcare professional need to understand each other clearly in order for the patient to receive the best possible care.