First, it helps you, the author, to stay focused. That means giving evidence which justifies what you said in your topic sentence. Even a loose, idea-based outline can help you know what you want to discuss. These type of people actually do better in language learning research projects than people who have the highest average marks in class. This topic sentence includes a supporting detail that should be included later in the paragraph to back up the main point. The topic sentence should relate to your points and tell the reader what the subject of the paragraph will be.
A topic sentence using this text structure can focus the reader on the cause s , the effect s , or both. To further understand the purpose of controlling ideas, let us look into the following examples: 1. Lesson 1: A Basic Example of a Paragraph The topic sentence has three key words fast-food chains, profits, forget sauce. Irrelevant Details When I was growing up, one of the places I enjoyed most was the cherry tree in the back yard. The topic sentence is a sentence that is used at the beginning of a paragraph to tell the reader what it is that you are going to be talking about in that paragraph. Good topic sentences must be direct and specific to convey a clear thought. A piece of information that tells the reader something more about the plot of the story.
And finally, have a look at this topic sentence. Whatever you decide to talk about would contain the main idea that you wish to focus on during the initial part of your exchange. T hen we found our way to our cabins. It needs to meet three criteria: 1. Barry's verbal and public speaking skills amazed, which was why I was so surprised the day I saw him at lunch, head in hands, unwilling to say anything.
Most paragraphs have a structure of an introduction, body and conclusion. Most forms of writing can be improved by first creating an outline. But by adding the controlling idea to your sentence, readers or listeners may then get an idea of what the speaker would like to highlight in his or her piece. Not only that, but you are not using this valuable space in your paragraph to make a real point. In addition, this well-kept industry secret is the reason why ingredients are never listed on the packaging of victuals sold by these restaurants.
In general, writing an essay, thesis, or other academic or nonacademic document is considerably easier and of much higher quality if you first construct an outline, of which there are many different types. State your main idea clearly. More importantly, however, we are now a long way off from the original claim, that capital punishment does not deter crime. In this example, the first sentence summarizes the main point that has been made so far. This could be your opportunity to spark up a conversation and build a connection with this person.
This means that your paragraphs will each focus on one key argument, and thus your topic sentences should do the same. During the years of the Thatcher governments Britons experienced cuts in welfare payments and drastic legal restrictions on trade unions. Therefore, your topic sentence should state something that you think or believe that can be supported by concrete evidence. However, you need to make sure that your topic sentence strikes a good balance between the broad and the narrow. All of the examples above address the environmental impact of meat-eating versus veganism. It serves as an introduction to what the author is about to discuss, in a brief yet specific approach. Topic sentences that introduce more than one paragraph Sometimes you can use a topic sentence to introduce several paragraphs at once.
The body of your paragraph is meant to prove your topic sentence. From perspective of gerontology, Bond et al. You can also imply contrast or complicate your argument by formulating the topic sentence as a question. It is not only an uninteresting approach, it is also inconvenient for the ones who are reading your paragraph. With this topic sentence, you are describing a cause and an effect, and you can go into a little more detail in the following sentences.
People can avoid cybercrime by taking three main precautions. Sentence 2 specifies the exact nature of the problem by listing society's choices: Citizens have had to decide whether offenders such as first-degree murderers should be killed in a gas chamber, imprisoned for life, or rehabilitated and given a second chance in society. Keep in mind that you are creating the topic sentence to present the idea you have or an opinion. But what are you going to say? Make sure your wording is clear. However, the environmental costs of dietary choices are not always clear-cut; in some cases, small-scale livestock farming could be more sustainable than certain forms of plant-based food production.
Sentence 5 states an opposing point of view: Other citizens say that no one has the right to take a life and that capital punishment is not a deterrent to crime. You could also write a thesis that disagrees with this one and that would be good too. Indicate the progression of the essay. With this topic sentence, you have successfully made a valid point that is supported by facts and information gathered from your research. An outline will help you do that. Many well-known, experienced writers effectively use topic sentences to bridge between paragraphs.
If you are new to writing topic sentences, it can help to look at some examples. Overview of childhood abuse The memory of his abuser still casts a shadow over William's life, damaging his relationships and dashing his hopes for future happiness. Ways to decrease the teen pregnancy rate At 16, Felicia knew she was too young to raise a child, but the realization occurred to her too late. Readers wonder how the events will unfold and keep reading to see how the story ends. Public industries were sold off to private investors in the belief that the free market would deliver prosperity to all. The topic sentence in a would identify the similarities or similarities and differences in the topic of the paragraph.