There was no provision of any fundamental right. Number of seats to be filled originally for six years only. Fedralism has the following characteristics of its own ans these characteristics distinguish it form Unitarianism. Partabgarh 1 76,539 Jhalawar Jhalawar 107,890 16. This may be true, but the analogy itself is false.
It provided for the establishment of an All-India Federation consisting of provinces and princely states as units. However, many restrictions were placed on them. States and Groups of Statrs. . In this way, a kind of flexibility was introduced regarding the number of judges which could be fixed for High Court from time to time keeping in view the load of work therein.
Wvery power whether of central or Unit governments is subordinate to, and controlled by, the constitution. Special provisions as to staffs of the High Commissioner for India and the Auditor of Indian Home Accounts 251 Staff of High Commissioner and Auditor of Indian Home Accounts The provisions of this Part of this Act shall apply in relation to appointments to, and to persons serving on, the staffs of the High Commissioner for India and the Auditor of Indian Home Accounts as if the service of members of those staffs were service rendered in India : Provided that— a appointments to the staff of the Auditor of Indian Home Accounts shall be made by him subject, as respects numbers, salaries and qualifications, to the approval of the Governor-General in his discretion; and b in relation to that staff the functions of the Governor-General under this Part of this Act shall be exercised by him in his discretion. India was to be governed by a Secretary of State for India a member of the British cabinet who would be assisted by a Council of fifteen members who were known as the Council of India. The act was inadequate to satisfy the National aspirations. Features of the Act 1.
However, in certain matters like the Police, the had the authority. Bose, Sugata, and Ayesha Jalal. The declared Congress policy was to combat the new Act and end it. The Concurrent list consisted of matters over which both the Federal and Provincial legislature had competence to legislate. For example, the act forbids.
Janjira Mudhol Bhor 1 110,379 62,832 141,546 4. The restricted adult franchise based on property qualification 14% of population in British India , the system of separate electorates the provisions of safeguards were not in conformity with the democratic rights of the people. A more imaginative and flexible viceroy, such as Irwin, might have tried to consult with Indian leaders and obtain a resolution fo support from the Central Legislative Assembly. Application necessary for enrolment in certain cases 9 No person shall, by virtue of paragraph four, paragraph six or sub-paragraph a of paragraph eight of this Part of this Schedule, be included in the electoral roll for any territorial constituency unless application is made by him in the prescribed manner that he should be so included. The provision approximated the conditions of the Colonial Laws Validity Act of 1865 applied by Britain to its dominions. In the sixteen intervening years there was, in fact, a revolution in British opinion about India.
With innumerable checks restrictions, reservations and safeguards the new Act was still far away from even a reasonable measure of self Government. Stamp duties other than duties or fees collected by means of judicial stamps, but not including rates of stamp duty. India was to be governed in the Queen's name. General Seats reserved for Scheduled Castes. The law of insurance, except as respects insurance undertaken by a Federated State, and the regulation of the conduct of insurance business, except as respects business undertaken by a Federated State; Government insurance, except so far as undertaken by a Federated State, or, by virtue of any entry in the Provincial Legislative List or the Concurrent Legislative List, by a Province. In fact, the 1937 elections showed overwhelming support for Congress among the Hindu electorate.
In 1919, a committee was established by the Governor general Chelmsford under the judge of the Kings Bench in London Sydney Rowlatt. They had left the ultimate goal hazy and with their periodic inquiry, the next step uncertain. A rule had prevailed since the inception of High Courts, that not less than one-third of the judges of a High Court must be barristers, and at least one-third of the judges must be civil servants. Regulations made under this subsection shall be submitted forthwith to the Governor-General and until assented to by him in his discretion shall have no effect, and the provisions of this Part of this Act with respect to the power of His Majesty to disallow Acts shall apply in relation to any such regulations assented to by the Governor-General as they apply in relation to Acts of a Provincial Legislature assented to by him. The Round Table Conferences considered the Simon Commission Report discussed the possibilities of further legislative reforms in India.
Moreover, the goal of Dominion Status still remained a distant dream. Autonomous provincial governments in 11 provinces, under ministries responsible to legislatures, would be setup. It provided for the adoption of dyarchy at the Centre. In a letter Jinnah said to the Viceroy on 23rd February, 1940 that the Government should not make any commitment with regard to the future constitution of India or any interim settlement with any other party without the approval of the League. However, the degree of autonomy introduced at the provincial level was subject to important limitations: the provincial Governors retained important reserve powers, and the British authorities also retained a right to suspend responsible government.