By comparison, Hamlet has a great deal to gain from seeking his own bloody revenge on Claudius, and yet he still delays and fails to act toward his purpose. The two ships parted with Hamlet still aboard. Scene 7 Claudius and Laertes are in conference. He says that he did not try Hamlet for two reasons, first, because his mother loves him so much, and second, because the people of Denmark are supporters of Hamlet. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern appear with Hamlet, who is under guard. The captain informs them that the Norwegian army rides to fight the Poles. On some level he is prepared for what is to come.
Hamlet also alludes to a startling development having to do with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern but says that he must delay telling of this until they meet. Who are Hamlet's foils, and in what ways do their characters shed light on his? The other major event of this Act is the madness of Ophelia. He reads the letter aloud. On his way, the captain encounters Hamlet, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern on their way to the ship bound for England. .
Hamlet evades their questions playfully, accusing his former friends of sycophancy to the king and leading them on a wild goose chase. She knows that Ophelia is better off dead and tries to hide the fact of her suicide with her narrative. He is very frustrated with himself and begins to compare himself to Fortinbras. Horatio says that he will help to deliver the rest of their letters, one of which is addressed to the king, and then go with them to see Hamlet. He also pretends to be thrilled at the idea of sailing for England with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Fortinbras orders his captain to go and ask the King of Denmark for permission to travel through his lands. Do their jokes make any sense in the context of the play? One should not overthink, but do.
Hamlet asks the captain about his army and his purpose in going to Poland. Analysis You can see simply from the quickness with which the scenes of Act Four proceed that the action has reached a point of great tension following the death of Polonius. With her madness, however, she suddenly has a deluge of lines and a rich, multi-layered, startling consciousness. Laertes, though, provides precisely the model of what Hamlet is not. Claudius tells Laertes that Polonius is dead.
He describes this land as perfectly worthless and small. Why do they take that approach? How does their word choice differ? Support your choice by defining the characteristics of a good son. GradeSaver, 30 August 2009 Web. On cue, a messenger arrives with word that Laertes has come to court with a mob of followers who wish to depose Claudius and make Laertes king. Find lines that support your answer. Cite examples from the speech to support both points. Alone with his thoughts, Claudius states his hope that England will obey the sealed orders he has sent with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
Has she ever disobeyed Claudius before? Disgusted with himself for having failed to gain his revenge on Claudius, Hamlet declares that from this moment on, his thoughts will be bloody. Of course, he fails to put this exclamation into action, as he has failed at every previous turn to achieve his revenge on Claudius. What plans do they have for Hamlet? The captain meets with Hamlet, who is being conveyed by Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to the ship to England. In her mad scenes, Ophelia is perhaps demonstrating the cultural pressures of a young woman of her time, forced into the impossible position of simultaneous chastity and sexualization. The captain travels on and Fortinbras and the rest of the army exit. He exits, and Claudius sends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to ensure that he boards the ship at once.
Explain who may suffer from his plan as well. Now, he is awestruck by the willingness of Fortinbras to devote the energy of an entire army, probably wasting hundreds of lives and risking his own, to reclaim a worthless scrap of land in Poland. Claudius questions Hamlet as to where he has taken Polonius. Astonished by the thought that a bloody war could be fought over something so insignificant, Hamlet marvels that human beings are able to act so violently and purposefully for so little gain. Gertrude says that Ophelia seemed ignorant of danger and went to her death slowly, singing songs. Level 1 - Remember Are you using Shakespeare's play, Hamlet, in your class? Ironically, however, just after making this resolution he continues on toward England, leaving Denmark behind him. Claudius asks where Hamlet has gone and Gertrude says that he has taken the body away.
Laertes, we will see, acts without thinking. The king tells Hamlet that he must leave at once for England, and Hamlet enthusiastically agrees. He has prepared letters asking the English king, whom Denmark has recently defeated in war, to kill Hamlet as part of the duties owed by right of conquest. They are at the borders of Denmark. During the fray, Hamlet boarded the pirate vessel. How does this scene establish Laertes as a foil for Hamlet? What is the apparent cause of her mental state? He tells Horatio to follow the sailors to where he is hiding. Hamlet mockingly departs, leaving Claudius to reflect on his plans for Hamlet.
She sings another song about her dead father and exits abruptly. The early twentieth century critic A. Level 2 - Understand Level 2 will go a little bit more in-depth to test students' understanding of the act they've just read. Explain all the stressors in Hamlet's life at this point. As she leaves Claudius tells Laertes to inquire into the matter as deeply as he wishes, confident that he will find himself aligned with Claudius against Hamlet.