Rather than being swept into power on a wave of public support, or snatching control of the government with a bold and decisive move, Hitler instead became chancellor through a shadowy backroom deal. . Big bankers and industrialists, including Krupp and I. So they have to look at different classes like the mittlestand, they are usually the worst hit when anything goes wrong and there is not that many parties for them too chose from. The Nazis also had support from big businesses and so could afford to create propaganda and flourish as a political party.
In 1929 a co- ordinating body was set u … p. Nothing like this had ever been seen in German politics before, even under the Kaiser, and many liberal Germans were already greatly concerned. The volatile Hitler arose and scolded the unfortunate Professor Baumann, using his speaking skills and eventually causing Baumann to leave the meeting before its adjournment. The Social Democrats were essentially a conservative trade union party, with ineffectual leadership. In 1929, the American Stock Exchange collapsed, and caused an economic depression.
Properly speaking, they were correct though, on a moral level, people found the actions of the Nazis to be abhorrent. The Nazis were now in power. This was because many lower-class workers turned to communism. The weaknesses of the Weimar government were present long before the Great Depression struck Germany. In June, Hindenburg used his presidential power to dissolve the Reichstag and appointed Franz von Papen as the new chancellor.
In Bavaria the party gained 17. The more money the Government produced the less it was worth, they were printing money out in billions. Seeking assent to the , Hitler offered the possibility of friendly co-operation, promising not to threaten the Reichstag, the President, the States or the Churches if granted the emergency powers. Hitler arrested many of his communist opponents. The small number of Nazis in the cabinet was planned to help keep Hitler in check. In a fight to get power between von Papen, who lost his credibility, as he was not able to get support of the Reichstag and Schleicher, who turned against him and stopped supporting. In July 1932 the Nazis, aided by press barons, won 230 seats and became the largest party in the Reichstag.
To emphasise this point, Hitler flew from venue to venue via aeroplane. Farben, had lobbied Hindenburg and schemed behind the scenes on behalf of Hitler because they were convinced he would be good for business. In June, Goebbels was charged with high treason by the prosecutor in Leipzig based on statements Goebbels had made in 1927, but after a four-month investigation it came to naught. Defeat of democracy As a result, President Hindenburg, a popular but now aged hero of World War 1, had little choice but to appoint Hitler in January 1933, after all his other attempts to form a government had collapsed. The number of Nazi seats in the Reichstag rose from 12 in 1928 to 230 in July 1932. When he appeared in the beam of a spotlight, Hitler was greeted with an outpouring of worshipful adulation unlike anything ever seen before in Germany. Second, he was in charge of putting all of theinnocent Jews into Concentration Camps and killing them.
Von Papen remained as Chancellor to call another vote in November, but Nazi seats only dropped by 34, so he resigned in the knowledge that he had failed to control the Reichstag, and that he had disappointed Hindenburg. In the the party gained seats in the Reichstag, with 6. These reasons and others will be explored further and explained in greater detail why these reasons helped Hitler to become Chancellor in 1933. There are four main reasons as to why this happened, and they are as follows: the Weimar government's weaknesses; his own leadership skills and the Nazis tactics; the Great Depression; and political manoeuvring between von Schleicher and von Papen. Being directed by Adolf Hitler meant that the Nazis had a figurehead to look up to and inspire them to be loyal to everything that the Nazis stood for. Hitler announced he would rejoin on the condition that he would replace Drexler as party chairman, and that the party headquarters would remain in Munich. He served throughout the war, was wounded in October 1916, and was gassed two years later near.
Hitler's immediate predecessor as Chancellor was Kurt von Schleicher, who was in office from 3 Decmber 1932 till 28 January 1933 - a mere eight weeks. His power was soldified in June-July 1934 during the Night of the L … ong Knives when Hitler executed many of his prominent political enemies in the government, claiming they had been involved in treasonous plots with the Sturmabteilung leadership. People lost their jobs, five and a half million out of work with 17 million Germans on the dole. They wanted to go back to the days of the Kaiser. In 1932, Article 48 was used 58 times. Nationalists and racists blamed the signing of the Treaty of Versailles and reparations.
Hitler therefore decided to change tactic and instead focus on winning support for his party democratically and being elected into power. The 'machinery of governmen … t' was falling apart at the time. In addition, Hitler was responsible for the , the state-sponsored killing of six million Jews and millions of others. He was a driven, unstable man, who believed that he had been called by God to become dictator of Germany and rule the world. Thirdly, Hitler's cabinet had only two Nazis, from the eleven that were there.
There was a political crisis 1930-1933, where the coalition government failed to work together and to make new laws. However, Hitler wanted to rule by decree. Their anger is easy to understand. Nazi propaganda persuaded the German masses to believe that the Jews were to blame and that Hitler was their last hope. Firstly, Hitler was only able to come to power due to the failure of the previous government, the Weimar Republic.
H … itler never intended to maintain democracy in Germany and wrote that the way to defeat democracy was from the inside. One of the most popular of these was the Hitler Youth, pictured here. Hitler had a lot of power at this moment in time but Hitler hadn't finished yet. Now Hitler was beginning to see himself as a leader too, because he had a lot of time to think through all the mistakes he has made and to improve the party further, while he was in prison. A series of meetings between Hitler, Papen, and important German officials were held during the month of January.