A military training accident B scientific discovery C jury decision D declaration of war E charitable contribution 5. In the wake of continual death and hardship the allure of Manifest Destiny continued to drive expansionist interests. Yet these isolated cases only solidified opposition in the North as many Northerners were increasingly opposed to what they believed to be efforts by Southern slave owners—and their friends in the North—to expand slavery through. As our population has expanded, the Union has been cemented and strengthened. As noted, it was explicitly used it to justify the Spanish American War and its accompanying imperialist goals. The latter slogan is often mistakenly described as having been a part of the 1844 presidential campaign. Modoc War Claims: Letter from the Secretary of War, Transmitting the Claims of the States of California and Oregon, and Citizens Thereof, on Account of the Modoc War.
Pletcher Indiana University 1998 What were the driving forces behind the United States' quest for Manifest Destiny during the 19th century? C People act like animals. Mexicans were torn between two conflicting attitudes about the United States. When the Democrats recaptured the White House in 1852 with the election of , a filibustering effort by to acquire Cuba received the tentative support of the president. It was their destiny to expand across North America. A Conversation With David M.
To end the , and former Treasury Secretary and a leading expert on Indians and the other American diplomats negotiated the in 1814 with Britain. It is surely the manifest destiny of the United States to lead in the attempt to make this spirit prevail. B Communications is a multi-disciplinary field. In the 1840s, however, under Presidents Tyler and Polk, the territory of the United States increased by nearly eight hundred million acres through the annexation of Texas, the acquisition of Oregon south of the forty-ninth parallel, the military conquest of California and New Mexico, and the assumption of Native American lands in the Great Lakes region as those tribes were forced to resettle on the Great Plains. Some civilians from the late 1830s and 1840s believed slavery to be the primary cause of western expansion. Before the election of 1844, Whig candidate and the presumed Democratic candidate, former President Van Buren, both declared themselves opposed to the annexation of Texas, each hoping to keep the troublesome topic from becoming a campaign issue. Manifest destiny was based on a belief presented by John O'Sullivan.
Last but not least, there was a renewed fear that the security of the United States might be impaired by foreign intervention in areas along its borders. To some, the Manifest Destiny Doctrine was based on the idea that America had a divine providence. The Americans did a great deal of talking and writing about liberty, but at the same time, they expanded the idea of Manifest Destiny. As is well known, not only was the United States remarkably diverse religiously, its new Constitution, with the first amendment of the Bill of Rights, also established a clear separation of church and state, expressly forbidding the institution of an established Church. Although alluded to in earlier writings, an editorial in the December 27, 1845 New York Morning News, attributed to John L. In 1815 Tsar Alexander I of Russia and the monarchs of Austria and Prussia formed the Holy Alliance.
This was an idealized process of expansion that had been advocated from Jefferson to O'Sullivan: newly democratic and independent states would request entry into the United States, rather than the United States extending its government over people who did not want it. At first, basis for opposition to U. Experience has shown that they were not well founded. What is the speaker's main point in lines 5 through 8? Others have regarded it as the antithesis of manifest destiny and merely. Before I address your question i. It rationalized the Louisiana Purchase and United States' support for Texas independence and annexation. Wilson's version of manifest destiny was a rejection of expansionism and an endorsement in principle of , emphasizing that the United States had a mission to be a world leader for the cause of democracy.
It's worth nothing that Polk had been nominated by the Democratic Party, which was generally closely associated with expansionist ideas in the decades before the Civil War. If I had to take a stand it would be unjustified and unsuccessful. This was, in some degree, the Hamiltonian ideal and those who supported it stood behind expansion of the United States, especially in the West, and the expansion of American commerce. It became more controversial, however, partly because of Mexican opposition to the annexation and partly because of the conviction in the North that Texas represented an expansion of slavery. Teaching strategies will obviously depend on the particular composition of your classes. John Quincy Adams, a member of the House of Representatives, even thought of the push for Texas annexation as a slaveholder's conspiracy, although I think historians have convincingly proven that there was no conspiracy.
In a policy formulated largely by , in the Washington Administration, the U. And we didn't, instead, just extending the existing border and splitting Oregon in two. O'Sullivan's second use of the phrase became extremely influential. What do these political and diplomatic documents reveal about American intentions, justifications, and assumptions? Whether or not this version of manifest destiny was consistent with the continental expansionism of the 1840s was debated at the time, and long afterwards. The public now linked expansion with slavery; if manifest destiny had once enjoyed widespread popular approval, this was no longer true.
One was an attitude of admiration, the other was an attitude of fear that the Americans would try to detach border territories from Mexico's lands. More broadly stated, Manifest Destiny was a conviction that God intended North America to be under the control of Americans. The following points illustrate some of the economic, social and political pressures promoting U. The British rejected a proposal by U. Many Mexicans wanted to imitate the United States--its prosperity, the development of its economy and its agriculture. D support of Manifest Destiny.