It can be related to a parents need to provide for their child. This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfil basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs. The basis of Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory is that people are motivated by needs that remain unsatisfied, and that certain lower factors have to be satisfied in order for higher needs to be recognized as unfulfilled. According to Maslow, there are general types of needs physiological, survival, safety, love, and esteem that must be satisfied before a person can act unselfishly. These systems motivate people to achieve certain needs.
Skinner, which were largely theoretical or based upon animal behavior. However, the way they are implemented — or not implemented — can lead to employee dissatisfaction. He suggested that management could use either set of needs to motivate employees, but better results would be gained by the use of Theory Y, rather than Theory X. From this theory of motivation, modern leaders and executive managers find means of motivation for the purposes of employee and workforce management. Achievement These people are result oriented.
Over 50 years ago, Douglas McGregor author of The Human Side of Enterprise created the concept of Theory Y, and suggested that it is much more efficient than Theory X of motivation. McGregor developed a philosophical view of humankind with his Theory X and Theory Y in 1960. However, beyond this commonality, the attitudes and assumptions they embody are quite different. People will use work to satisfy their lower needs and seek to satisfy their higher needs during their leisure time. Use this quiz to check your understanding and decide whether to 1 study the previous section further or 2 move on to the next section. Theory-X and Theory-Y Management Application-Business Implications for.
According to McGregor, there are two opposing approaches to implementing Theory X: the hard approach and the soft approach. But basically, they emphasize similar sets of relationships. Use this quiz to check your understanding and decide whether to 1 study the previous section further or 2 move on to the next section. The first section explains the development of Theory X and Theory Y. The Theories X, Y and Z, describe very different attitudes towards motivation at the workplace. Either Theory X or Theory Y assumptions may be appropriate in a particular situation.
It implies that employees are reluctant to organizational changes. In instances where the thinking process is important and the employee is expected to act on their own responsibility, managers prefer to opt for Theory Y. Conclusion The two models developed by the two experts aims at simplifying the motivational process which proved that motivation is an important factor to improve the performance level of employees. Abraham Maslow's book Motivation and Personality 1954 , formally introduced the Hierarchy of Needs. Theory X Theory X assumes that employees dislike working, naturally, they are unmotivated, ambitionless, non-initiative and dislike responsibilities. However, there should be formalized measures in place to assess work quality and performance.
Both types of theories will be discussed and evaluated in order for me to find the motivational theory, which is best suited to the employees at the supermarket chain. According to this theory, people definitely do not wish to bear any responsibility for their work. Thus, it does not encourage innovation. These managers view their employees as one of the most valuable assets to the company, driving the internal workings of the corporation. Due to these assumptions, Theory X concludes the typical workforce operates more efficiently under a hands-on approach to management.
But can it really get work done at your organization? The result was Theory Z—a development beyond Theory X and Theory Y that blended the best of Eastern and Western management practices. Management use of Theory X and Theory Y can affect employee motivation and productivity in different ways, and managers may choose to implement strategies from both theories into their practices. The paper will contain his theory which is the hierarchy of needs. In view of the drawbacks of theory-X, McGregor developed an alternative theory of human behavior called Theory-Y. For example, Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Millennials all have different views, goals, and motivators.
Theory Y states that management believes that workers are interested in doing their best and, given the freedom, will perform well. Though it is unfair to say everyone needs this, I would have to say that most people are not sociopaths. As long as you have the definitions memorized and can remember X is bad and Y is good, you will do well on any related exam questions. These two opposing perceptions theorized how people view human behavior at work and organizational life: Theory X With Theory X assumptions, management's role is to coerce and control employees. Self- actualization is the pinnacle of human development, although Maslow did say that there were no perfect human beings. Theory X managers believe that workers are only motivated by one thing - money. How to Succeed in a Japanese Company.
Tyler has spent a significant portion of her professional life informally managing projects. The scientific management principles show and led to motivational methods. Maslow was a very optimistic theorist regarding human beings, with thoughts that he wanted humans to be happy and be the best that they can be regarding their life path. This kind of intellectual contribution to the enterprise cannot be obtained by giving orders, by traditional supervisory practices, or by close systems of control. There is no evidence to confirm that either set of assumptions is valid.