In collective case studies, it is helpful to analyse data relating to the individual component cases first, before making comparisons across cases. Even though limited support was found to corroborate clear casual effects of the gamified intervention on student engagement, the study demonstrated that educational gamification principles can facilitate student engagement - but must be carefully tailored, and seamlessly integrated with the learning environment. And, how was it analyzed? Finally, one peripheral point is that, when informing others of your results, case studies make more interesting topics than purely statistical surveys, something that has been realized by teachers and magazine editors for many years. A key factor that has been ignored as a result of the rapid pace of the market is that of youth brand loyalty. Article synopsis of case study research using Stake's tradition Ledderer used a qualitative case study research design, informed by modern ethnography.
We begin with an overview of the history and evolution of case study research, followed by a discussion of the methodological and philosophical variations found within case study designs. Generalist health and social science journals were excluded that might have contained good quality case studies. Casing the research case study. Reviewers and readers might be confused by the inconsistent or inappropriate terms used to describe case study research approach and methods, and be distracted from important study findings Sandelowski,. To facilitate application of these principles, clear examples of research questions, study propositions and the different types of case study designs are provided. It is usual for multiple sources of evidence to be used Yin, 2009.
Research should be thorough and note taking should be meticulous and systematic. Findings of our review suggest that the medical understanding of a case report has been confused with qualitative case study approaches. Outcomes from individual case studies are not statistically generalisable but analytically generalisable Welsh and Lyons 2001. Consequently, over the last 40 years, through the application of a variety of methodological approaches, case study research has undergone substantial development. There were inconsistencies between reported methodology, study design, and paradigmatic approach in case studies reviewed, which made it difficult to understand the study methodology and theoretical foundations.
These are primarily descriptive studies. In a collective case study, researchers may choose to present the findings from individual cases separately before amalgamating across cases. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. Qualitative case study methodology in nursing research: An integrative review. Cases are selected based on the research purpose and question, and for what they could reveal about the phenomenon or topic of interest. Case study research has sometimes been criticised for lacking scientific rigour and providing little basis for generalisation i.
Case study research is an interdisciplinary practice, which means that clear methodological descriptions might be more important for this approach than other methodologies that are predominantly driven by fewer disciplines Creswell,. For instance, if you propose to conduct interviews, how do you intend to select the sample population? These are very common in student research project. . Building theories from case study research. In: Mayer T, Steneck N, editors. Our aim in writing this piece is to provide insights into when to consider employing this approach and an overview of key methodological considerations in relation to the design, planning, analysis, interpretation and reporting of case studies. Checklist for assessing the quality of a case study report Relevant for all qualitative research 1.
K, Moreira C, Kumar H. Unlike a scientific report, there is no strict set of rules so the most important part is making sure that the study is focused and concise; otherwise you will end up having to wade through a lot of irrelevant information. This does not suggest that case study methodology cannot be multimethod, however, methodology should be consistent in design, be clearly described Meyer, ; Stake, , and maintain focus on the case Creswell,. In a case study, you are deliberately trying to isolate a small study group, one individual case or one particular population. Several other seminal qualitative works were cited. Nil Austin, Park, and Goble ; Broyles, Rodriguez, Price, Bayliss, and Sevick ; De Haene et al. Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches.
Quality criteria and generalization of results from qualitative studies. The Argument for and Against the Case Study Research Design Some argue that because a case study is such a narrow field that its results cannot be extrapolated to fit an entire and that they show only one narrow example. As a result of using PracticeCactus, students described their opportunities to play piano in a low-stakes, participatory environment, to engage in focused listening, to receive feedback and encouragement, and to share musical accomplishments. The chapter will look at social value, emotional value, functional value, involvement, and perceived value of the consumer to the brand. Are headings, figures, artefacts, appendices, indexes effectively used? Case study research has been used as a catch-all design to justify or add weight to fundamental qualitative descriptive studies that do not fit with other traditional frameworks Merriam,.
This type of research focuses on objective knowledge, research questions that can be answered yes or no, and operational definitions of variables to be measured. By using qualitative case study techniques, the study generates evidence which suggests on the firm level that wind energy and labelling influences competitive advantage of firms, can dictate a premium price, can differentiate products, yet achieve a low-cost advantage. Hospital electronic health record systems have developed and been implemented far more slowly than was originally envisioned. The gained data were then validated with the previous data from the classroom observation and audio recording. Adequate page space for case study description would contribute to better publications Gillard et al.
Was study design appropriate to methodology? Are there any practical limitations that could affect your data collection? Is the case adequately defined? Was it edited well, then again with a last minute polish? Case study research has a level of flexibility that is not readily offered by other qualitative approaches such as grounded theory or phenomenology. The issues: Are major research questions identified? Findings The methodological descriptions of 34 case studies were critically reviewed using the adapted criteria. Illustrative case studies serve primarily to make the unfamiliar familiar and to give readers a common language about the topic in question. But organizational behavior cannot always be easily reduced to simple tests that prove something to be true or false. Key contributors to case study research and major contextual influences on its evolution are included. The researcher should define the uniqueness of the phenomenon, which distinguishes it from all others. A case selection that is based on representativeness will seldom be able to produce these kinds of insights.