However, it is worthy of mention the example of China which economy is progressing rapidly but its way of development differs considerably from the dominant western way, but this country does not meet to the basic assumptions of either of the theories. However the deeper analysis of the idea suggest that following of the western practices, values and ideas will only widen the gap between the developing and developed world and would increase the. An individual with an addiction to opiates acts differently because they are in constant search of opiates. What exactly is development and how can it be achieved? Words: 295 - Pages: 2. Modernization theory focuses specifically on a type of modernization thought to have originated in Europe during the 17th century, which brought social mores and technological achievements into a new epoch.
It has also been found sometimes that both the theories are antagonistic to each other regarding their views about the international relationships and the development of the world too. Therefore, it is important that parents are involved in. It does not consider the global impact of factors such as trends of trade on third world nations should there be macroeconomic market failure. Growth is perceived to be a natural process which can be facilitated by rational utilization of inputs and available resources. The theory further underscores the fact that relationships between developing and developed countries are based not on the growing cooperation between them but rather on the dependence of developing countries on developed ones.
Modernization theory is that positive material growth yields positive social equality. Skidmore and Smith's modernization theory is used to describe the nature of development. Nevertheless, both theories underline the dominant position of Western countries in the modern world and leave little room for the alternative ways of the development but the western one, which is viewed as the only way of the development of the future world in the context of the global economy. But in broad outline, the theory focused on deficiencies in the poorer countries and speculated about ways to overcome these deficiencies. First, let us comprehend the gist of each theory. Modernization theory both attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progress and development of societies and seeks to explain the process of social evolution. While the explanations of underdevelopment differed, experts such as Brooks and Hallward viewed the natural disaster in Haiti to be so destructive mainly due to its poverty.
This essay discussed about the major differences between Modernization and Dependency theories, and their impact on the developing nations. It viewed traditional society as a series of negatives: stagnant and unchanging, not innovative, not profit-making, not progressing, not growing. In 1876, a scientist called Edison Thomas Alvin introduced electricity and his first scientific laboratory. Therefore, poorer countries would never be earning enough from their export earnings to pay for their imports. Words: 309 - Pages: 2.
In contrast, Modernization theory believes in its possibility due to the modernization of socio-economic and political life of developing countries and their closer cooperation with developed countries, which is supposed to be a conscious and willing act of developing countries looking for ways to prosperity. This theory stressed the importance of societies being open to change and saw reactionary forces as restricting development. Modernization Theory effects of the modernization process on human communication History and Orientation A macro-theory with a historical and sociological inspiration. The concept of capitalism, according to the theory, closes the gap by playing a pivotal role as a force in raising the standard of living of people in developing countries. Three variants that this first wave brought with them were one; economic developments in which mass media promote the global diffusion of many technical and social innovations that are. After the emergence of this idea in Central and South America, dependency theorists… improvements in economic happened in Latin America. This was seen by the presiding figures of many countries as, amongst others: infrastructural changes such as dams and highways; social changes such as getting rid of the perceived ills of traditional beliefs and practices and revamping educational systems with an emphasis on modern science and rationality; and political changes such as creating an efficient bureaucracy and State apparatus to preside over the decolonised domain.
At the same time Gavrov 2005 stated that none of the scientists does not deny the process of modernization of society the transition from traditional to industrial society , the theory itself has undergone considerable criticism from both Marxists and the representatives of free-market ideas, and supporters of the theory depend on the reason that is a simplified representation of the historical process. Modernization theory claims Latin-America is underdeveloped as they have not followed the correct path. First of all, it should be said that Dependency theory was developed in response to Modernization theory out of sheer criticism of the latter theory by the supporters of Dependency theory. Modernization theory: Modernization theory emerged in the 1950s. Agriculture is the dominant form of production and the central organizing social elements are clan or extended family relationships. This paper will discuss the modernization and dependency theories and how they have been modified in the course of time.
It was boosted by the emergence of capitalism and the advancement of the industrial revolution. They are some of the most demanded products. They are separate theories that have substantial point of departure, with only limited points of convergence. At the same time, both Modernization and Dependency theories underline that the relationships between developed and developing countries is unequal and there exist a kind of dependence of developing countries on developed ones, though the views on this dependence vary considerably. In fact, because the path is now charted, these countries can avoid the mistakes made by the West. Characteristics of Modernization Theory and Dependency Theory Timeline: Dependency Theory: Dependency theory emerged as a reaction to modernization theory.
There is a dire need to augment modernization in. Across the Cold War swathe—communist as well as capitalist—industrialisation was thought of, by the political and economic elite, as the key to development. In its essence the modernization and development theories suggest that the western values and practices are best and that if replicated by the developing countries can prove beneficial to the long term survival of the developing nations. Transitioning to an information era would mean letting go of what is. There are major differences between the two theories especially in relation to the connection between the developed and developing nations. As a result, there exist a strong link between developed and developing countries. An addict has very different psychological behaviors, than a person who is dependent.
The theory also depicts that western countries are well—developed and their ways of development can be perceived as the most successful, and underdeveloped countries have no alternative but to similarly go through these stage to achieve the status of developed countries. In spite of existing similarities between Modernization theory and Dependency theory, differences between them are much more substantial and it is even possible to estimate that these theories are antagonistic in their views on the development of the world and international relationships, especially on the relationship between developed and developing countries. Opiate Addiction Today the recent growth of prescription opioid painkillers has made opiate use far more domesticated and widespread than ever before. So the task of the Third World is to transform itself from tradition to modernity. Development is considered to be imitative in the sense that poor countries gradually assume qualities and characteristics of developed countries.