It must also guarantee cultural and social opportunities for older people and ensure their well-being and health. Since technology has now become highly sophisticated, still greater attention has to be given to Research and Development for further advancement. Therefore, any overall approach to development must take note of the reality, i. Because a country is poor, it cannot develop. The problem of debt servicing, rescheduling has adversely affected economic growth of the poor countries. Global Urban Poverty: Setting the Agenda.
B Non-Economic Factors in Economic Development : From the available historical evidence, it is now obvious that non- economic factors are as much important in development as economic factors. Securing resources for development and the continuing contribution of older people to society should also be included. It was now a matter of integrating existing knowledge in the context of ageing. Questions were raised by delegations and Secretariat officials concerning the cost and exhaustive nature of the report. The outdated syllabi of various classes, the mass failure of the students in various board and university examinations, outflow of the brightest students from less developed countries to the developed countries Brain drain create gaps in business, administrative circles and become obstacles to economic growth.
The result is that the students holding degrees remain jobless which creates discontment and frustration among them. The document should be concise and focused on the realities of the developing world. Growing much faster than the rest of the world, these economies are changing the structure of international production and trade, the nature and direction of capital flows, and the patterns of natural resource consumption. I understand that this is an issue which has been of great interest to the Parliamentary Assembly. In addition to physical capital, human capital is also limited in developing countries. Table 1: Urban Population Dynamics As presented in Table 1, urbanisation levels in developing countries more than doubled from 17.
If this resource can be mobilised, many of the alleged obstacles to development will disappear. Infrastructure Edit Infrastructure is the foundation of services that an economy needs to function. Human resource constraints constitute a fundamental obstacle to economic development. Some previously well settled conceptions have completely fallen apart. Country A will then borrow money from country C, in order to pay off country B's loan.
The rich people prefer to invest their savings abroad. Reinforcement of international cooperation was particularly important in view of existing inequality in the world. The savings can then be developed elsewhere to develop further. This trend is expected to exceed 50% by 2020, and further increase to 64. And, if we cannot succeed in setting up one particular industry it is difficult to see how we can establish a series of interdependent industries. The life stile of the people, social customs, the methods of production etc. A corrupt or an instable government will hinder any development in a country.
Multinational corporations with operations that span the globe, and in some cases capacities and networks that match those of governments, have a particularly important role to play in helping to spread the opportunities and mitigating some of the risks of globalization. Could it avoid institutionalization through community care and support for families? Reflections on six decades of the concept of development: Evaluation and future research. Obstacles or constraints to economic development 1. The new report could only be written if additional staff and financial resources were made available. Also speaking in the debate were the representatives of Israel and Cameroon. Why the economic growth in developing countries is low? First, the level of per capita product in the present-day developing countries is much lower than in the developed countries in their preindustrialization phase with the exception of Japan. Consequently, there occurs a rapid rate of population growth.
The lessons were several: The buoyant conditions of the 1970s were not likely to recur, and policies that had sustained satisfactory growth rates in those conditions were not likely to do so in the future; countries that had not yet moved away from import-substitution policies and direct governmental controls would need to undertake structural adjustments rather rapidly in order to resume their growth and to restore creditworthiness; and future private lending to developing countries would need to be somewhat more discriminating as to the economic prospects of recipient countries. Important as it is to focus on local reforms, it is crucial that sufficient attention is given to means of implementation. The paper is organised as follows: the next four sections present overviews of all these theoretical developments. Note Ricardo's comparative advantage theory. Progress towards achieving these goals remains disappointing. England recklessly exploited them and appropriated a large portion of their economic surplus. The situation of the elderly must be rethought by taking into account their contributions to society.
On the positive side, the present-day developing countries can draw upon a greater store of scientific and technical knowledge from the developed countries. These demands must be met adequately; otherwise the consequent scarcity of food in urban areas will arrest growth. The special place of elderly people should be protected. Unfortunately, the meaning of sustainable development, in terms of its practical application, remains unclear in many urban areas in developing countries. Furthermore, it was important to mainstream a gender perspective throughout document.
Insufficient technology also hinders development. Acute multidimensional poverty :a new index for developing countries. Also, foreign direct investment tends to decrease because the foreign countries see less opportunity to make money because the general population doesn't have very much money. Although there are very rare circumstances where trade barriers may be called for it is infrequent and should be taken as a general rule that trade barriers are bad. President, ladies and gentlemen, it is an honour to address this Parliamentary Assembly for the first time.