This study found employees are not motivated solely by money and employee behavior is linked to their attitudes Dickson, 1973. The instrument was pilot tested with three similarly situated employees within the university. Options such as job enlargement, job enrichment, promotions, internal and external stipends, monetary, and non-monetary compensation should be considered. In order to satisfy their needs at this level, the employer should consider responding to the following factors to motivate their staff. The Role of Motivation Why do we need motivated employees? In other words, when employees have little interest in external rewards, their intrinsic motivation has a substantial positive effect on their engagement levels. Motivation is present in every life function. Paying centers' employees lower wages hygiene than what they believe to be fair may lead to job dissatisfaction.
Results and Discussion The ranked order of motivating factors were: a interesting work, b good wages, c full appreciation of work done, d job security, e good working conditions, f promotions and growth in the organization, g feeling of being in on things, h personal loyalty to employees, i tactful discipline, and j sympathetic help with personal problems. According to Maslow, employees have five levels of needs Maslow, 1943 : physiological, safety, social, ego, and self- actualizing. Work force 2000: is Extension agriculture ready? Motivated employees are also far more productive than those without motivation. To be effective, the employer needs to understand what motivates employees within the context of the roles they perform. What steps do leaders need to take to motivate their employees? This means spelling out exactly the deliverables or behaviors employees will be recognized for and how they'll be recognized.
Postal address: School of Management Studies, University of. However, these are not the only motivators that influence the individual to perform their best. Accordingly, in order to improve the performance of the manufacturing business, there is a need to understand how to manage and empower people or employees. According to the Hawthorne Studies, employees are not just another input into the production of goods and services as they are not motivated solely by money, and employee behaviour is linked to their attitudes Dickson, 1973. Journal of Extension, 28 1. Conversely, the more negative the reward the less likely the employee will be motivated. Thus, the employer should develop an approach to motivate employees to perform their best for the organisation, as motivation can manipulate the performance or behaviour of the individual.
This chapter provides an overview of contemporary research on work motivation. For the international company, offering employees a position abroad is an option. The data was collected from 63 respondents subsequently; the findings revealed that working conditions and a lack of resources affect the training and development of employees. Independent variables used to gauge Motivation are Training and Development, Reward and Recognition and Delegation of Authority whereas the dependent variable is employee performance. The results and findings indicated that monetary rewards, job enrichment have significant and positive effects on employee performance, in while there is positive and insignificant effect of training on employee performancealso results indicate there were good relationship between motivation and employee performance and the research results showed that employee motivation influences employee performance of Hormuud Company in Mogadishu Somalia. This study adopted a descriptive design because it involved interviewing or administering questionnaire to a sample of individuals Orodho, 2003.
These are just two examples of an infinite number of methods to increase motivation of employees at the centers. The researcher recommends that all employees should be motivated to ensure they are retained and this will improve performance. How much should people earn? Order a research paper on self-esteem from Paper Masters. The employer should realise that each employee has different motivation according to the level of his or her wants and needs. For the international company, the employer can sometimes offer the employees a salary on a tax-free basis.
It has been argued that while each individual has a general idea of what motivation is, these ideas differ from each other. Knowing what it takes to do what is right for employees can help a business succeed. To satisfy their needs, the employer can increase or add more responsibilities to the employees to increase their self-esteem. The second-most important factor is a that foster employee motivation and engagement. This study has come up with appropriate recommendations for betterment of educational institutional projects along with the directions for future research. The following example compares the highest ranked motivational factor interesting work to Vroom's expectancy theory. The following example compares the third highest ranked motivational factor full appreciation of work done to Adams's equity theory.
Descriptive statistics frequencytables, percentages were used to present data. Sample size consisted of 100 employees from electronic manufacturing company in china and used simple random probability sampling technique. This means different things and different people influence each individual in making choices about their actions. It will also offer service for customers rapidly and directly. The more people focus on their salaries, the less they will focus on satisfying their intellectual curiosity, learning new skills, or having fun, and those are the very things that make people perform best.
Managers should positively reinforce employee behaviors that lead to positive outcomes. The sample was used as a tool for achieving the results. Five Islamic Banks limited are selected for this research. A good working relationship with colleagues, as well as the opportunity for growth is a must. Moreover, Thomas 2009 divides motivational tools into two categories: tangible and intangible. This study is quantitative in nature and for data collection by using primary source through questionnaires surveys.
Journal of Extension, 31 1. Research paper for Training and Development. Further research can be done to find out impactof other rewards on performance e. People usually act for one reason: to reach a goal. And the organization trusts them with its most significant and critical financial information so they're not blindsided by business problems. Regardless of which theory is followed, interesting work and employee pay appear to be important links to higher motivation of centers' employees.
Updated December 17, 2018 The reality, when you talk about how to motivate employees, is that they're already motivated. Connect with your employees by showing real interest in them and finding out what motivates and inspires them, and actively looking for their ideas and opinions. The target population of this study was 5000 and sample size of 60. Physiological needs also include shelter, clothes, sex, medicine, and air. The most successful and profitable companies are those with the most motivated and productive employees.