Therefore, the middle class not only would lose their jobs and have to find another, but they had to compete with immigrants for work. In her latest article, Georgie Broad reflects on the life of women in Victorian Britain. They had more than one bathroom and even had flushing toilets. Obviously, it would be beyond impractical to be in a workhouse or cleaning in a heavy and corseted dress, and so in wearing such clothes, the rich were making a subtle but definitive statement: no manual labor for us. So despite the vast differences between the women in this era, their similarities encouraged a change that shaped the history of Britain. Growth of the cities Although the population of the country as a whole was rising at an unprecedented rate, that of the towns and cities was increasing by leaps and bounds. New node In many homes, children were not allowed toys on Sundays - except Noah's Ark, because that was in the bible.
More money means more food and better living conditions. London through the haze The housing shortage Low wages and the scramble for jobs meant that people needed to live near to where work was available. They could never dream of living in a nice big Victorian house. It is hard to adequately put into words how bad the conditions were for poor Victorian children. Ragged Schools, which were a type of charity school, were started by upper class Victorians for the education of the lower class children. The pay was pitifully low. Neither did the very poor in the tenements of London.
Large Homes Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. She does so by contrasting the lives of rich and poor — and then showing just what these two very different groups had in common. Victorian houses of wealthy owners had features such as bay windows, stained glass in the windows and doorways, patterned brickwork and slate roofs. Click on image to enlarge. This drove the prices down on the wages and most poor class families struggled to even put food on the table. Through railways Enormous railway stations remind us that railway was new and an important form of transport.
Poor children looked thin and hungry, wore ragged clothes, and some had noshoes. Costermongers During the late 1800s there were probably about 30,000 street sellers known as costermongers in London, each selling his or her particular wares from a barrow or donkey-cart. For example, there were the climbing boys employed by the chimney sweeps; the little children who could scramble under machinery to retrieve cotton bobbins; boys and girls working down the coal mines, crawling through tunnels too narrow and low to take an adult. Many of our modern day charitable institutions, such as The Children's Society, have their roots at this time. London had slums in other areas also. Their diet consisted of a variety of bread to choose from, cheese, milk, butter, potatoes, onions, garlic and other luxurious items that the poor could only afford after toiling hard for days together. They did not care about health and safety, so at first they let small children and women work underground.
Many outfits were bought second-hand and were passed down through the family. An experienced convict might earn 9 pence a day at stone-breaking. Philanthrophy A number of charitable individuals and societies attempted to 'save' prostitutes, who were mostly outcast and desperate. At the age of 21, Victoria married her cousin, Albert, a German Prince. Rich and poor families In Victorian times, many families had 10 or more children. Conductors were allowed to keep four shillings a day out of the fares they collected, and drivers could count on 34 shillings a week, for a working day beginning at 7. Later in the period skirts were narrower with a shape at the back called a bustle.
Factory and mine owners became rich, but most factory and mine workers were poor. The Industrial revolution had taken what many would consider to be medium class and left them without jobs. Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. It was becoming clear that the new Poor Law Act was not succeeding in its aim, despite successive tightening of the screws. Diaries would be a primary source because it is written directly by the individual writing in the diary.
The children were entitled to some elementary education, but this was often ignored by the workhouse keeper. However, the rich used spices in their food but it was something that the poor could not so easily afford. Poverty is the state of being poor. Children were often dressed as a miniature version of their parents in fancy attire. The poor did not live in houses since property was next to impossible to acquire and the rich were the only ones who could afford to buy it.
Women in the Victorian era were very much seen as second best to men, as a trophy, a wife and a mother, and were expected to be content with this role in society. This was a sharp contrast to the overcrowded and unhealthy conditions of the working and poor classes of this time. Women of every class came together to stand against the injustice and inequality of the voting system and to lobby for their right to vote. This is also a primary source as George Edwards recalls his life in this diary. However there were dissenting voices against this. Wealthy Children The children of rich Victorians spent the majority of their day with their nanny. The best way to not only explain and investigate class differences, but to highlight just how vast the problems of inequality and division were at the time, is to consider rich and poor in turn.
A typical Victorian day dress. If the working class would ever leave their employer they would have to leave their accommodation and make them homeless or go into workhouses. This was due to the effects of the industrial revolution; people were flocking into the towns and cities in search of employment. The middle-class house values where religion, modesty, cleanliness, self-improvement and hard work. Women wore caps and bonnets not just to be respectable but to keep hair from getting caught in machines and to fend off dirt and headlice.