An assembly which, at its commencement or even for some time thereafter, is lawful, may subsequently become unlawful. These two sections have certain resemblances and to certain extent overlap. They denied to have seen the actual commission of occurrence and were declared hostile. The crucial question to determine is whether the assembly consisted of five or more persons and whether the said persons entertained one or more of the common objects, as specified in Section 141. One faction was lead by the first accused Baddi Venkata Narsaiah and the other faction was lead by Baddi Mallesh one of the deceased. Three incised wounds were also found in the body of Gulab, one on the upper side of head 10 cm above from left ear, underlying 6bone was found cut and the second and third incised wounds were on the left side head.
When an offence is committed in prosecution of the common object, it would generally be an offence which the members of the unlawful assembly knew was likely to be committed in prosecution of the common object. Classification of offences under Section 143, 144, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 153A, 153B, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159 and 160 of Indian Penal Code 1860 Offences relating to public tranquility are defined under Section 143, 144, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 153A, 153B, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159 and 160 of Indian Penal Code 1860. At the third stage of the quarrel, they wanted to teach the deceased and others a lesson. All the aforesaid three eyewitnesses have given a vivid description of the events leading to the death of Mukhtyar Singh clearly demonstrating the role of the accused Raju Rajendra and Pappu Ranjeet Singh in causing the injuries sustained by the deceased on the head. The High Court, therefore, concluded that the ocular version has been contradicted by the medical evidence. It is not necessary that the intention or the purpose, which is necessary to render an assembly an unlawful one come into existence at the outset. Another situation should you feel incredibly negative condition window, then the blinds should really be inserted away from figure and address.
As a matter of fact, accused Ram Chander Sah took the plea of alibi saying that he was being treated for Jaundice by Dr. But in Section 149 mere membership of the group of an unlawful assembly is sufficient enough for prosecution. Call and see if she's home yet. In order that the offence may fall within the first part, the offence must be connected immediately with the common object of the unlawful assembly of which the accused was a member. It is the specific case of the prosecution that while the Panches were busy inspecting the field, Sita Ram Sah inflicted lathi blow on the left leg and thigh of Bauku Sah brother of the informant. They were residing at village Pedda Makkanna in Guntur District.
It may be formed at any stage by all or a few members of the assembly and the other members may just join and adopt it. A thing is likely to happen only when it will probably happen or may very well happen. Even if the offence committed is not in direct prosecution of the common object of the assembly, it may yet fall under Section 141, if it can be held that the offence was such as the members knew was likely to be committed and this is what is required in the second part of the section. However the appellants attacked Ramprasad violently, who became unconscious and died. However for prosecution under this section,there must be more than 2 persons and less than 5 commiting the criminal act. Their bail bonds are discharged. The word ' knew ' indicates a state of mind at the time of commission of an offence and not latter.
Advocate General appearing for the respondent-State of Rajasthan in the appeal filed by the convicted accused had submitted that the evidence of all the three eyewitnesses is clear, cogent and consistent insofar as the involvement of the said accused is concerned. Thereafter, the case was committed for trial to the Court of Sessions at Boondi where charges under different sections of the Indian Penal Code including Section 302 read with Section 149 were framed. It is also not known as to whether if one or all of the appellants were present, when the last blow was given. The other accused assaulted the informant with lathi as a result of which the informant sustained injuries on the right side of the head and right hand. As the accused persons denied the charges and wanted to be tried the prosecution examined as many as 21 witnesses and also exhibited a large number of documents. All the 5 accused assaulted the deceased and brutally murdered.
Such offence was committed in prosecution of the common object of that assembly. They also assaulted the complainant as well his brother Uday Chandra Sah with lathis. I refer to your work. They had suffered axe and lathi injuries. In such circumstances, the High Court has held that the respondents have established their plea of self defence.
Everyone must know the law of the land as mistake of fact can be excused but mistake of law is not excusable. We, thus, do not find merit in this appeal which is, accordingly, dismissed. At that time, the parties had been separated. Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object If an offence is committed by any member of an unlawful assembly in prosecution of the common object of that assembly, or such as the members or that assembly knew to be likely to be committed in prosecution of that object, every person who, at the time of the committing of that offence, is a member of the same assembly, is guilty of that offence. Common intention is if two or more person commits any crime with the same intention and under a prearranged plan, But in common object it is not necessary that there should be a prior concert in the sense of a meeting of the members of the unlawful assembly, the common object may form on spur of the moment; it is enough if it is adopted by all the members and is shared by all of them. In the latter class of cases, Sec. It has also to be borne in mind that appellant Nos.
The fact that accused was a member of unlawful assembly and his presence at place of occurrence is sufficient to hold him guilty even if no overt act is imputed to him. It may be gathered from the course of conduct adopted by the members of the assembly. The cause of death was shock and hemorrhage due to the above injuries. The third injury was on buttock. On seeing them, Chhatrapal and Gulab, due to the fear of the respondents, ran towards the village Abadi. Section 142 of the Penal Code postulates that whoever, being aware of facts which render any assembly an unlawful one, intentionally joins the same would be a member thereof.
They danced to the music. The trial court as well as the High Court, in the present case, found that all the stated ingredients were present for each of the appellants was found to be part of the unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapons and shared common object and with that intention participated in the commission of offence. On appeal, the High Court altered the conviction from 302 read with Sec. The deceased was being chased not only by the appellants herein but by many others. Members knew to be likely - The second part relates to a situation where the members of the assembly knew that the offence is likely to be committed in prosecution of the common object. Hence, I award these five accused a sentence of imprisonment for life. It is not uncommon that an unruly crowd on the rampage may contain some miscreants who may go beyond the common object and commit ad hoc crime graver then the mob had as its objective.
The appellants dragged him out. The present appeal is directed by the State of U. A look more magnificent inside will be long before underside also made by drapery. Soon thereafter, Sukhdeo Sah and accused No. The distance between the police station and the place of occurrence was 5 miles. If this is the manner in which the accused persons had come to the spot it cannot be said that the accused had not formed an unlawful assembly within the meaning of the said expression as appearing in Section 141 of the Indian Penal Code. Against the aforesaid conviction, these accused persons had preferred two criminal appeals which were heard together by the High Court and have resulted in dismissal, since the High Court has affirmed the conviction and sentence recorded by the trial court.