Standpoint theory in communication. SAGE Reference 2019-01-15

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Communication Theories

standpoint theory in communication

Although Morritt uses Harding's discourse on standpoint feminism to substantiate the assertions about the lack of gender neutrality of the computer in terms of women using 'computer based technologies in education', she also offers a critique of certain aspects of the theory Morritt, 1997:15. This route requires more attention, but is also allows for the major change. Collectivist cultures place value on the group and therefore adopt a conflict style of avoiding or integrating to give others mutual face. . Through the outsider-within phenomenon, these individuals are placed in a unique position to point to patterns of behavior that those immersed in the dominant group culture are unable to recognize. The amalgamation of a person's many experienced dimensions form a standpoint—a point of view—through which that individual sees and understands the world.

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List of Theories

standpoint theory in communication

As with feminist theories generally, it would be somewhat misleading to represent feminist standpoint theory as a single set of epistemological commitments or a single methodological approach. Introduction to WomenÂ’s Studies 2 nd Ed. For instance, Harding stated that scientists have ignored their own androcentric and sexist research methods and results, despite their claims of neutrality, and that recognizing the standpoint of knowledge-producers makes people more aware of the power in positions of scientific authority. Their struggle for validation also provides them with more convincing experiences. Actor-Network Theory suggests that human and non-human factors are equally influential in the success of technological innovation and scientific knowledge-creation.


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Theories of Gender Development

standpoint theory in communication

In this theory, self-interest is not regarded as a bad thing, but rather as a concept that builds the relationship. On the one hand, it is claimed that there is no standpoint-neutral vantage point from which to make judgements about the relative epistemic superiority of certain standpoints over other ways of knowing the world; while on the other it is claimed that marginalized standpoints are, indeed, epistemically better than the epistemic positions of the non-marginalized. Power structures guide the decision making taking place in groups and organizations. London and New York: Arnold Assiter, Alison. The model, formulated by Kohlberg, asserts that children recognize their gender identity around age three but do not see it as relatively fixed until the ages of five to seven. StandpointÂ’s History Initially, standpoint theories addressed women's standing in the sexual division of labour. Socialization occurs through our interactions, but that is not as simple as it may seem.

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Men and Women reside in Standpoint Theory

standpoint theory in communication

Although self-disclosure can lead to more intimate relationships, it can also leave one or more persons vulnerable. This critical approach, Harding asserts, results in a stronger notion of objectivity than that achieved by traditional approaches to enquiry. Postmodernist feminist critics argue not only that the risk of occlusion of difference remains but, more fatally with respect to the possibility of reconciliation, the categories upon which feminist standpoint theory depends—woman, feminist, knowledge—are fluid and in a state of socially influenced flux and contestation, making it impossible ever properly to capture experiences and identities within standpoints. In her view, Harding’s perspectives show, ‘ emancipatory values it contributes to removing oppressive power relations. As a 'political strategy' then, standpoint theories resist the domination of male viewpoints, in order to get a more balanced perspective on various issues. Women also have different criteria than men for evaluating expert knowledge.

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What is STANDPOINT THEORY? What does STANDPOINT THEORY mean? STANDPOINT THEORY meaning

standpoint theory in communication

Introduction At first blush there appears a tension between the traditional epistemological assumption that a general, universal and abstract account of knowledge and scientific enquiry is possible, and the politically inflected feminist claim that such analyses are only properly understood in the social contexts in which they arise, and in terms of the biases and prejudices those contexts generate. The dual perspective available to someone in this position leaves her well-placed to recognize the underlying assumptions and evaluative commitments that drive and shape the dynamics of power within the Academy, while at the same time providing her with a critical frame of reference derived from her own experience of the Academy, within which to potentially gain a better understanding of its power structures and dynamics. Narrative logic, or the logic of good reasons, suggests that people judge the credibility of speakers by whether their stories hang together clearly coherence and whether their stories ring true fidelity. Harstock As mentioned previously, the initial standpoint theory evolved in terms of women's standing in the sexual division of labour. These collective marginalised group advocates for the women in their own standpoint or perspective. The development of a standpoint by the dominated dissipates the conceptual dissonance experienced by someone who has been forced to adopt dominant conceptual frameworks that do not truly belong to them. This prior context set frames of reference within the audience members, which ultimately effects their judgments.

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Men and Women reside in Standpoint Theory

standpoint theory in communication

Thus some women professionals emphasize only those characteristics considered valuable in their professional context, allowing themselves to be women and feminist only in private contexts. It states that people continue to view the world selectively by choosing information and media which reinforces their beliefs. Reiterating HardingÂ’s position that there is no typical womanÂ’s life' , Hennesey critiques standpoint because, the material link between feminism as a discourse and womenÂ’s lives arenÂ’t explained. In all of these cases, the children begin to frame their identity and role in the society based on the values and opportunities offered by a particular standpoint. Defining Communication Theories Defining Communication Theories Cognitive Dissonance Theory Cognitive Dissonance Theory argues that the experience of dissonance or incompatible beliefs and actions is aversive and people are highly motivated to avoid it.

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Standpoint Theory

standpoint theory in communication

Standpoint theory gives voice to the marginalized groups by allowing them to challenge the status quo as the outsider within. These structures, in turn, create social systems in an organization. Organizations are successful to the extent that they are able to reduce equivocality through these means. Multiple theories have since developed addressing issues that the Big Three failed to fully analyze Stacey, 1997. This element being the perception of how easy or difficult it is to perform the behavior. Standpoint theorists acknowledge these complaints and have been working to improve the theory.


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What is STANDPOINT THEORY? What does STANDPOINT THEORY mean? STANDPOINT THEORY meaning

standpoint theory in communication

Standpoint theory, a theoretical perspective that argues that knowledge stems from social position. There is a conflict between and Standpoint theorists. But the theory also claims that those who are lower on the social ladder tend to have a greater understanding of the social whole, rather than those higher up. In addition, standpoint theories offer explanatory resources for understanding how this dual positioning can potentially bestow epistemic advantage. Structuration Theory Theorists supporting the structurational perspective argue that groups and organizations create structures, which can be interpreted as an organizationÂ’s rules and resources. Although their genealogy begins in the Hegelian and Marxist traditions, some current feminist standpoint theories are also located squarely within an empiricist tradition in epistemology. The theory states it is a gradual evolution due primarily to self-disclosure between parties.

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Communication Theories

standpoint theory in communication

Fourth Assumption: The subordinate group has to struggle for their vision of social life. The theory is based on face management, which describes how people from different cultures manage conflict negotiation in order to maintain face. Their levels of uncertainty are located in both behavioral and cognitive realms. In becoming occupants of a standpoint, they also become knowing subjects in their own right, rather than merely objects that are known by others. Hill-Collin's use of the term 'standpoint' consistently in the text alludes to the tendency to reduce all women to one homogenous group. Standpoint theorists emphasize the utility of a naturalistic, or everyday experiential, concept of knowing i.

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