The question was, could Germany, splintered into groups of socialists, communists and the extreme right, unify into one democratic country? Hitler also agreed to mention these promises in his speech to the Reichstag before the vote on the Enabling Act. A crumbled economy, revolution and counter-revolution, the flailing of a government, and an angered mass population- searching for scapegoat in which to blame their discontent. In addition, the rapid disintegration of Germany in 1919 by the return of a disillusioned army, the rapid change from possible victory in 1918 to defeat in 1919, and the political chaos may have caused a psychological imprint on Germans that could lead to extreme nationalism, later epitomised and exploited by Hitler. Lack of national pride caused the right wing movements to become more popular. Other rebellions were put down in March 1921 in and. Or would different conditions have changed the occurred? Here is some more information: The Weimar Republic had a large number of issues from the start. Beyond Bratwurst: A History of Food in Germany.
The Nazi party then supplanted the as the largest party in the Reichstag, although it did not gain a majority. The national government fled to and called for a against the putsch. The power takeover was achieved everywhere without loss of life. Borchardt suggests the slow growth within the Weimar republic was because that the trade union power kept wages high and therefore squeezed profits and middle class income. A was convened in Weimar, where for Germany was written and adopted on 11 August 1919. Under the , Germany accepted the western borders of the country by abandoning claims on France and Belgium, but continued to dispute the eastern borders and sought to persuade German-speaking Austria to join Germany as one of Germany's states.
Lighting a fire with worthless banknotes, 1923 Countless historians have sought to understand and explain the failure of the Weimar Republic. With these successes at the ballot box, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party began to consolidate power over the German government and slowly unravel the democratic practices of the Weimar Republic. Foreign affairs were very weak as a result of the treaty, as Germany was given little rights or chance to show their respectability as a country. Reparations remained a divisive issue for the duration of the Weimar Republic. Due to the judges ideological preferences, Hitler was benefited. To centrist and conservative citizens, the country looked to be on the verge of a communist revolution.
By early February, a mere week after Hitler's assumption of the chancellorship, the government had begun to clamp down on the opposition. Those articles of the Weimar constitution which dealt with the state's relationship to various Christian churches remain part of the German Basic Law. The economy was supported by the granting of loans through the 1924 and the 1929. The nation was angry, resentful, and almost every move made by their leaders was criticised. This was considered a success as it gave people the basic principle of equality. The problem with proportional voting was that it filled the Reichstag with a large number of parties.
Proportional Presentation which was part of the constitution meant that votes were cast for the party, not the individual, and 60,000 votes guaranteed one member of the Reichstag. Weimar Republic's failure was sealed by the constitution itself. They began voting for radical people, in a desperate effort to change the government and their situation actively. The army had little patience for a democratic system based on compromise, and accepted it only to avoid degeneration to socialism. According to the , this cabinet meeting's first order of business was how at last to achieve the complete counter-revolution by means of the constitutionally allowed , requiring a 66% parliamentary majority.
Debate continues as to whether this policy was without alternative: some argue that the Allies would not in any circumstances have allowed a devaluation of the Reichsmark, while others point to the as a sign that the Allies understood that the situation had changed fundamentally and further German reparation payments were impossible. These were unsuccessful, and so a failure of the Weimar republic as these weak coalitions were constantly breaking over issue disputes. This guarantee was not ultimately given. The great depression did have a huge impact on Germany as a country but mainly as a regrowing society from the loss of world war one. A large number of issues arose both from internal and external factors alike, incapacitating the government from… How surprising is it that the Weimar Republic survived from 1919-1924? The regular army and the Freikorps ended the uprising on their own authority. Likewise, American progressive architects were admired.
The growing disillusion with the Weimar Republic was the deteriorating economy. It merely caused the currency to completely lose value, and generated the onset of hyperinflation. Overall trade increased and unemployment fell. It stipulated the Reichstag which had to pass bills before they became laws, as well as a president elected every 4 years directly by the people. Though the Coalition lasted less than a year, it was able to finally achieve several positive reforms to help the ailing German people and economy, including providing government funds to help the unemployed pay their bills and find new jobs. In response to all this discontent especially from the extreme political parties , certain groups, or parties would try and overthrow government. But practically, they allow people in high positions and parties to gain too much power and control.
The Streseman era, which started at this time, 1923- 1929 was one of great improvement of the stability of the Weimar republic. Hugenberg wished to become the ruler of Germany but his strategy called for an alliance with Hitler and the Nazis. All displayed how the Weimar Republics' eventual failure was evident from the beginning. However due to several contributing factors the Weimar was enabled to overcome these seemingly insurmountable problems and survived from 1919-1924. Rampant , massive unemployment, and a large drop in living standards were primary factors. The only way to drag Germany out of this paralysing disaster was to borrow money from other countries.