The hierarchical structure of court is being endorsed by the Constituency of India with the level of power exercised by the different level of courts. The functions of the High Court are to interpret and apply the law of Australia; to decide cases of special federal significance including challenges to the constituti … onal validity of laws and to hear appeals, by special leave, from Federal, State and Territory courts. Human Rights refer to certain basic rights that all men and women should enjoy. He is known as district judge when he presides over a civil case, and sessions judge when he presides over a criminal case. The is the oldest high court in the country, established on 2 July 1862. In May 2104, former Chief Justice of India Justice R. The Karnataka High Court is currently functional in Bangalore, and.
Western countries have been laying great emphasis on civil and political rights. Somanath Iyer 23 November 1969 — 29 December 1969 5 M. The Constitution, unlike in the case of the Supreme Court, does not fix any maximum number of judge for a High Court. The activities like appointment promotion and posting of judges are made by the Governor of the state by consulting respective High Court. If the value is above two lakhs, the appeal should be filed before the High Court and next to the Supreme Court.
The Sessions Judge can impose any punishment authorized by law; but the sentence of death passed by him should be subject to the confirmation by the High Court. All culprits are handed over to the Investigation Officer. There is a strong bar in every district that ensures that the decisions of the courts are according to the law and the verdicts are given without any type of act of kindness or terror. After retirement a permanent Judge of High Court can not plead or act in a Court of before any authority in India, expect the Supreme Court and a High Court in which he has not worked. Abdul Nazeer being appointed as judges in the. Guwahati High Court- has jurisdiction over Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. A reference has been made to a number of other Commissions in the above paragraphs.
Guwahati 1948 Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh Guwahati Bench at Kohima, 9. However, the work of most high courts primarily consists of appeals from lower courts and writ petitions in terms of Article 226 of the constitution. There are 24 high courts in India taking care of the regional juridical system of India out of which Kolkata High Court is the oldest. These district courts have the additional jurisdictional authority of appeal handling over the subordinate courts which are there in the same district specifically in the domain of civil and criminal affairs. Also there are sufficient number of lower courts. The government should serve the services of the prisoners in the work of the courts so that the public can get justice quickly. Appellate Jurisdiction: The Supreme Court has the jurisdiction of hearing the appeal raised against the judgment of all High Courts of India provided the respective High Court grants the certificate related to the query about the interpretation of the Constitution of India.
This methodology was adopted by the Law Commission of India in its 245th report Arrears and backlog: Creating additional judicial wo manpower and is also routinely used within governments and the judiciary to assess judge strength. In case of any civil dispute, if the High Court thinks that the intervention of Supreme Court is required to resolve substantial query of law regarding importance in general is there and the High Court infers that the specific query is to be decided by the Supreme Court. In every state, besides the High Court there are number of judicial Courts to administer justice. Some courts count only the main case whereas some others include the interim applications and miscellaneous proceedings within that case separately. The number of cases pending in the District and Subordinate Courts has been around 2.
Appeals from the decisions of the Sub Court is filed before the District Court if the subject matter of the suit is of value up to rupees two lakhs. Writ jurisdiction is also an original jurisdiction of a high court. This article is passing through the process of upgrading with the presently enforced Article as per the Supreme Court Rules, 2013. And in some states, the current strength and rate of disposal is enough to dispose of all cases more than two years old within the next three years, whereas in others, filling up the current vacancies would serve the same purpose. What are your views on this? For the purpose of this analysis, we will focus on the district courts. Masses were informed about and also educated about their political and economic rights. Dear user, The volume of blood in a human being varied from person to person depending on factors like age and body type.
Each state is divided into judicial districts presided over by a district and sessions judge. They may soon have their own high court. In present time all judges have bookish knowledge having no experienced of practical life. Hakeem 3 May 1996 — 9 May 1996 18 R. Kolkata City Civil Court Chief Judge P.
A proper time frame for the disposal of a case has to be fixed. The pendency is broken into civil and criminal cases. In the court they make judgments of the people by reading law books Thereby, no decision is made in the courts on time and the decision takes many years to take place. For this, by creating a special board or panel in all lower courts, there judges along with the judicial prisoners, who will make a judgments after having face to face introduction and arguments and in this way will recognize the thieves, murderer immediately and the bookish knowledge magistrate will make a decision and order after hearing and finding statement after the discussion of experienced holders prisoners and culprits the judges will give their order according to law. Below it are the State High Courts, one High Court per state, though in some cases, two states share a High … Court Punjab and Haryana; Maharashtra and Goa. Andhra Pradesh 1954 Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad 12. A high-level committee was established by the Chief Justice.