Lower Order Needs Biophysical Needs Survival Needs The need for food and fluid The need for elimination The need for ventilation b. And yet, I do this with caution, since it is still the physician who has the authority to inform them of these. The theoretical and scientific are translated into the practical by a series of practice guidelines that activate intentionality into a living theory of transpersonal caring-healing praxis. Creating a care plan helps the nurse determine how variables would be examined or measured, and what data would be collected. International Journal for Human Caring, 7 3 , 51-61. The second key concept that is vital to the theory is the transpersonal caring relationship. This type of experience will be marked by a sense of self-forgetfulness.
My own personal assumptions of this theory coincide with what Watson has stated. Ultimately, only states wage war. Jean Watson is a Distinguished Professor of Nursing and holds the Murchinson-Scoville Endowed Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado, Denver College of Nursing and Anschutz Medical Center Campus. Goals Provide an overview of Dr. The nursing model also states that caring can be demonstrated and practiced by nurses. Prepubescent hormones may have amplified emotional responses but did not seem to be a primary cause. Enfermagem pós-moderna e futura: um novo paradigma da enfermagem.
The happening, in which assorted citizens, professionals, and many psychologists participated, also stressed the importance of aspects of life neglected by education and the social sciences: joy, creativity, love, self-affirmation, and spontaneous expression of affect and belief. Nurses define caring in various ways depending on their level of education, professional experience, personal values and professional focus. A caring attitudes is not transmitted from generation to generation. They must give 100% to this patient nurse relationship. I think she is bringing me some bush tea. Cultivation of sensitivity to one's self and to others 4.
Another step that we did not use refers to the use of the concept which, given the types of works chosen for this study, could not be achieved. A major component of their job is health promotion. As stated, transpersonal human care occurs in an I-thou relationship, and this contact is a process that transforms, creates and potentiates the healing process, a term that means recomposition, restoration and reconstitution, but that should not be construed as a cure 17. Thus, analyzing the attributes, antecedents, and consequences of concept provided its better understanding and comprehension of its importance in the Human Caring Theory proposed by American theorist. While an exact definition of Transpersonal Psychology is the subject of debate, Transpersonal Psychology is a full spectrum psychology that encompasses all of this and then goes beyond it by adding a serious scholarly interest in the immanent and transcendent dimensions of human experience: exceptional human functioning, experiences, performances and achievements, true genius, the nature and meaning of deep religious and mystical experiences, non-ordinary states of consciousness, and how we might foster the fulfillment of our highest potentials as human beings.
Her theory and philosophy of caring is based on the values of kindness, concern, love of self and others and respect for the spiritual dimensions of the person. The moments of transpersonal human caring are connections that include the awareness of the nurse, intentionality, authenticity and sincerity, through the use of self, recognizing the totality of the other, noticing movements, senses, touch, sounds, words, colors and ways in which the client transmits and reflects his own condition 11. Most of the theoretical works done by nurses have the intention of making nursing a recognized profession; profession in the sense that nurses should professionally deliver care to their patients. This union provokes permanent changes in the lives of these beings, which is able to echo into the future 10. The development of helping- trust relationship.
They are the defining characteristics or salient aspects that are present in the identification of the existence of the concept 7. Still, there are practical aspects to the application of this healing work that must be considered. It is also a time when they can determine how to react and what to do during that moment. She and her mother would sit in front of each other in silence for a few minutes, touch hands, set an intention or prayer to release safely into the universe any accumulated energy that was not helpful, and then take some deep breaths together. Encompassing the ethical, spiritual concerns and connections between the patient and the nurse connecting them in a transitional ethos allowing for the possibilities and potentials of both individuals within the process of disease acknowledgment as well as physical and spiritual healing. Caring responses accept a person not only as he or she is now but as what he or she may become. By means of this approximation with this previous philosophical reference, it was possible to perceive that transpersonal caring, as described by the theory, goes far beyond the caring moment experienced by the nurse and by the one receiving care.
Being holistic in nature, the theory presents its framework as a congregation of all these concepts, centering on the person. This study describes the development and testing of an instrument to measure nursing students' perceptions of instructor caring. Watson, 1999 Nursing interventions related to human care originally referred to as carative factors have now been translated into clinical caritas processes Watson, 2006 : 1. Professor at the Federal University of Ceará. It is transmitted by the culture of the profession as a unique way of coping with its environment. Past, present, and future incidents merge and fuse.
A holistic nurse recognizes, as Watson suggests, that there is something beyond the personal, separate selves of the nurse and the patient involved in the act of caring. Assistance with gratification of human needs 10. Therefore, this study makes it possible to notice that the concept transpersonal caring presents negligible changes in its definition with the passing of years and the publications presented by Jean Watson, because the first definition presented in the 1985 production has been maintained as its base in the publication of 2012. Humanistic psychology has helped to put psychology in touch with both historical humanism and contemporary arts. As nurses, we may choose to use one particular theory in our practice but more frequently we use a combination of several different theorists in our practice. Results showed that experienced, hospital-based nurses and those demonstrating greater familiarity with Watson's theory had higher caring scores.
He helped to cultivate modern interest in dissociated states, , and theories of the subconscious. The fifth phase refers to the construction of a real-world example for the use of the concept, with the ability to include all the attributes listed. The Nurse theorists: 21st-Century updates. Its purpose is to describe the phenomena to analyse and to gain an understanding. Watson even goes on so far to say that the care of the soul remains the most powerful aspect of the art of caring in nursing Watson, 1997.