If there is a worksheet or coursebook page that accompanies the listening track, give students time to look at the pictures, the tasks, the instructions, the questions. Think of the words and sentences as if they were boxes and packages on a store shelf. Listening is not to be confused with hearing. So, your friend is telling you all about her new boyfriend. Listening Styles Just as there are different types of listening, there are also different styles of listening. Listening Types Listening serves many purposes, and different situations require different types of listening. Post-Listening The post-listening task is the stage where you take them beyond the listening text, and use it as a springboard for further language practice.
We use informational listening to try to comprehend and retain information. This is the stage during which the listener determines the context and meanings of the words he or she hears. In any given communication encounter, it is likely that we will return to the receiving stage many times as we process incoming feedback and new messages. Or we may look for a particular nonverbal cue to let us know our conversational partner received our message. Some noise interferes primarily with hearing, which is the physical process of receiving stimuli through internal and external components of the ears and eyes, and some interferes with listening, which is the cognitive process of processing the stimuli taken in during hearing.
Since your friend has the boyfriend and not you, it may not be that important to know every detail. Research shows that at the workplace, on an average, personnel spend about 32. Studies have shown that, whereas speaking raises blood pressure, attentive listening can bring it down. This requires paying attention, interpreting and remembering sound stimuli. The unwanted message is discarded. © Thinkstock Paraphrasing is a responding behavior that can also show that you understand what was communicated.
It is often a good idea to pair a paraphrase with a question to keep a conversation flowing. When you attend a political rally, a presentation given by a speaker you admire, or even a class, there are verbal and nonverbal ways of indicating your appreciation for or your disagreement with the messages or the speakers at the end of the message. From our earlier discussion of the communication model, you may be able to connect this part of the listening process to feedback. By integrating representations of not only our ears, but of our eyes, our heart, and the selfless act of undivided attention, the Chinese have truly captured the essence of listening. Bottom-up listening refers to focusing on grammar and vocabulary in order to understand the listening track, so a bottom-up pre-listening activity would be pre-teaching some vocabulary or grammar that is central to the listening text. This stage of the listening process is the one during which the listener assesses the information they received, both qualitatively and quantitatively.
Training and improvements in listening will continue to pay off, as employers desire employees with good communication skills, and employees who have good listening skills are more likely to get promoted. This type of listening can be refined and honed. We should try to focus fully on what is being said and how it's being said in order to more fully understand the speaker. Understanding what we hear is a huge part of our everyday lives, particularly in terms of gathering basic information. As important as how you actually listen is how you are perceived to listen. Ask them to preview the coursebook page or worksheet.
If you are distracted by anything while talking to a user, they can get the impression that you are ignoring them. By assigning tasks and focusing attention on different aspects of a listening text, we can help students develop their listening skills and identify where they need to improve. However, sometimes there are good reasons to break from this format. Models of processes are informative in that they help us visualize specific components, but keep in mind that they do not capture the speed, overlapping nature, or overall complexity of the actual process in action. The Three Stages of a Listening Activity In this article, I will present the three stages of a listening activity, and present some basic suggestions for each stage.
Owen Hargie, Skilled Interpersonal Interaction: Research, Theory, and Practice London: Routledge, 2011 , 184. Listening serves a number of possible purposes, and the purposeof listening will depend on the situation and the nature of the communication. Stages of Listening: The Understanding Stage Puzzled: After receiving information through listening, the next step is understanding what you heard. When it is stored for future use, the response may take place later. Effective listening is one of the most crucial skills for becoming a successful manager. If another person is looking away, fidgeting, texting, or turned away, we will likely interpret those responses negatively.
Listening is not a passive process. Listening is more than hearing. Remembering The ability to recall accurately the content of a message. Environmental noise such as other people talking, the sounds of traffic, and music interfere with the physiological aspects of hearing. We can enhance our ability to receive, and in turn listen, by trying to minimize noise.