Students can benefit from a discussion of the value in literatures of authenticity of voice. A filmmaker I had become close friends with, Ken Jacobs, was teaching an introduction to cinema class. The mice are not universally good, nor are the pigs universally good or bad. As you can see from the commentary, this is a wonderful story, not only its the writing but also the art. What follows is the first of two excerpts from their conversation. He published work in several underground magazines, and edited an anthology of small-press comics called Arcade. It allows for a kind of vulnerability, coming in toward the underbelly of the mouse.
Whether or not a Jew is Polish, French, German, or American, they are drawn as a mouse in Maus. Germans were shown by the use of cats. It is pretty much certain that some people from absolutely any nation on the planet would have helped with the Holocaust if given the chance just look at the way that some Jews helped! The Americans are well-meaning and friendly, so they were represented by friendly dogs etc. The animals portrayed the people as they should have been portrayed and a very powerful statement was made. The most interesting drawing is of the frog, which could be used to symbolize the French.
In Maus I, the readers are introduced to the Jewish population portrayed as mice. In fact, Zyklon B, the gas used in Auschwitz and elsewhere as the killing agent, was a pesticide manufactured to kill vermin—like fleas and roaches. A cartoonist pal, Justin Green, was put in charge of getting together a comic book called Funny Aminals. Jewish culture in particular views pigs, and pork, as nonkosher, or unclean. As for the physical details -- description of the Auschwitz camp for example -- this is quite correct.
Anja Spiegelman is one such case. Vladek Wladek is a complicated character. I kinda read the comic with the animals symbolizing the temperaments of the various countries. Volume One was released from 1973 - 1983 and Volume Two was released from 1986 - 1991. The sad thing is that so many Poles seem to think that their nation is better than every other nation on the planet and so no Poles can possibly have helped with the Holocaust! However, there are many Polish characters who are portrayed sympathetically or positively such as the Spiegelmans' governess or Mrs. His decisions were the best that could have been made though.
The ways in which this generation pays homage are quite diverse. After doing forced labor he is released and has to make do under the conditions of the occupation, which he does quite well. The implication, therefore, is that there is something unsavoury about the pig people. That the survivor of Auschwitz portrays kapos in the camp as Poles raises more questions. I'm curious how many Australians would help if Holocaust was in Australia.
When did you become aware of the history of anti-Semitic caricature and stereotypes in creating your animals? Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. These awful events, discussed and regarded in a much different light half a century ago, are analyzed quite divergently now that mankind has had fifty years to ponder on its errors. Another possible derivation is the Fleur-de-Lys displayed on the French king's banner in the Middle Ages, which, to the English enemy, looked like squatting frogs. He has an affair with the beautiful Lucia before he is introduced to Anna Zylberberg. It is in this novel that the reader sees more and more populations influencing or experiencing the Holocaust along with those who are Jewish.
In using the animals and masks, there was no mistaking what race a character was. Finally, vodka drinking pigs undertake to smuggle Vladek and Anja into Hungary but only betray them to the Germans. The Pigs The Poles are portrayed in a very different light than the Americans or the French. Neither Vladek nor Art are able to understand what the other is feeling due to their inability to relate. With that out of the way, let's start considering the different groups and their animal representations one by one. The Poles are pigs, which does not seem as random when we consider that the Nazis sometimes referred to the Poles as pigs , 21.
Those are my own words so you might want to paraphrase this. His therapist explains to him that some of his guilt may come from portraying his father in such a way as he did in the first volume. In Art Spiegelman's Maus, he represents different people from different countries as different animals. Only ones who profit from this abomination today are greedy Polish and Jewish travel agents. Valdek was extremely lucky and he was one of the very few Jews who lived and made it through the war.