# Valid argument logic. Logic Question: Can a logically valid argument have a logically false conclusion? 2019-01-11

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## Validity and Soundness

Modus ponens is a valid argument. Recall the Tom Cruise argument: 1. Together, these two concepts, validity and strength, will help us to specify precisely what it means for an argument to satisfy the Logic Condition. If the premisses of a deductive argument are true, then the argument must be sound. If I publicly insult my mother-in-law, then my wife will be angry at me. I'm quite clear about the difference.

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## Truth, Validity, and Soundness

An all-good, all-powerful, all-knowing God does not exist. It is not clear what the logical form of this statement is. Similarly, we might ask what premises are needed to improve the strength of an inductive argument, and we might ask whether these premises were intended all along. Strictly speaking, he produced an inductive argument and not a deductive one. .

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## Explanation on Valid Argument Forms : logic

Logic seeks to discover the valid forms, the forms that make arguments valid. But the premises are of such a form that if they were both true, then the conclusion would also have to be true. What are you having trouble understanding? In this sense, deductive reasoning is much more cut and dried than inductive reasoning. All the arguments are syllogisms. New York: Cambridge University Press.

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## Explanation on Valid Argument Forms : logic

But like I said, we'll talk more about this later. If God does not exist, then all the premises of Argument B are true, and since Argument B is valid, it must also be sound. If it's invalid, explain why. Therefore, if you keep driving your car with a faulty carburetor, you will eventually get hurt. So, John committed the murder.

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## Intro to Logic: Valid Deductive Argument Forms

What this means is that even if all the premises are true, it's still possible for the conclusion to be false. The conclusion of a valid argument is not necessarily true, it depends on whether the premises are true. These sentences cannot all be true at once. Here is an example: Determine whether the following argument form is valid or invalid by drawing a truth table, indicating which columns represent the premises and which represent the conclusion, and annotating the table with a sentence of explanation. We said above that a valid argument can never take you from true premises to a false conclusion. So, even if valid, it is not sound. An argument is not an explanation.

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## Valid and Invalid Deductive Arguments

Our fundamental unit of what may be asserted or denied is the or that is typically expressed by a declarative sentence. The difference between deductive and inductive arguments does not lie in the words used within the arguments, but rather in the intentions of the arguer. If there exists a case where all the premises are true but the conclusion is false, then the argument is invalid. Therefore, John won't be able to attend our meeting today. They should have already made a reasonable effort to work through the problem before asking for help.

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## Truth and validity

The concept of deductive validity can be given alternative definitions to help you grasp the concept. If the conclusion of a deductive argument is true, then the argument might be sound or it might be unsound. These are the sorts of arguments you should try to offer. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at. The following are additional examples of rules of inference that are frequently used in deductive reasoning. I can agree with both 1 and 2, but 3 is obviously false. But suppose that evidence of financial gain suggests that the expert is biased, for example by evidence showing that he will gain financially from his claim.

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## Definition and Examples of Valid Arguments

Hence, a valid argument is an argument such that the set of its premises and the negation of the conclusion is inconsistent. Whether the argument is valid or not, depends only on the form of an argument, not on its content. It comes from the relationship the arguer takes there to be between the premises and the conclusion. The difference does not have to do with the content or subject matter of the argument, nor with the presence or absence of any particular word. The Philosophy Pages by are licensed under a.

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## Validity and Soundness

It will be weaker if relevant conditions about the past time will be different next time, such as that in the past the dog has been behind a closed gate, but next time the gate will be open. Here is a standard example: All humans are mortal All Greeks are humans Therefore, all Greeks are mortal An argument is valid if and only if the conclusion necessarily follows from the premises. If John is ill, then he won't be able to attend our meeting today. It is important to stress that the premises of an argument do not have actually to be true in order for the argument to be valid. A sound argument is a deductive argument which is valid and has true premisses. This is because there are cases where true conclusions can come out from false premises.

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