Can you use sequence for other topics? Here are some strategies that can help you with both organization and development in your essays. To help readers understand expository writing, writers use some common organizational patterns to structure their writing. Another example can be seen in that same story: because Cinderella lost her shoe, the prince was able to find her. Maybe they lack a clear topic, or maybe they lack support. Of course not, it is a story that follows chronological order, or order of time. Let's look at an example of a topic that fits well with this pattern.
Well, sometimes you might be revising a draft and notice that some of your paragraphs are a bit underdeveloped. Expository Writing Information about Expository Writing What is Expository Writing? When the reader is not able to find a pattern that makes sense, chaos and confusion abound. Are you struggling to define an idea that might benefit from some comparison or contrast? Chronological order follows a specific timeline of events and is often seen in stories with a clear beginning, middle and end. The following six examples are the patterns of organization that are most frequently found in textbooks. Problem-Solution: a pattern that describes a problem and a possible solution or solutions to it.
The examples pattern is sometimes referred to as exemplification, illustration, or analysis. A faulty classification would be feline, canine, and mammal because feline and canine are biological families and mammal refers to a biological class. Imagine you are writing a research paper on the medical uses of stem cells. Problem-Solution At some point does your essay explore a problem or suggest a solution? This organizational pattern presents relationships between ideas in a text. The mind responds to logical patterns; relating the small parts to the whole simplifies complexities of the material and makes remembering easier. This organizational pattern presents a viewpoint or argument and then provides the reader with support for this viewpoint. This pattern can be used in for many different situations and topics.
There is a sequence of events that is fairly easy to follow since it stays in order of time. Expository Writing Essays, newspaper articles, academic journals, encyclopedias. This, then, should be the first idea you explain in your essay. Better yet, work on developing completely new patterns of your own. Topical: a pattern that divides a subject into subtopics, each of which is part of the whole. An analysis essay is often assigned in literature and art classes when a teacher wants students to critically examine a poem or a work of art.
Are There Other Ways to Think about Organizing My Ideas? By dividing the document into smaller parts, information becomes easier to locate and the document becomes more useful to the reader. Your entire history book is most likely written in a chronological patter. The structure of a text will vary from paragraph to paragraph. For a hostile audience, it may be effective to describe the problem, show why other solutions do not work, and finally suggest the favored solution. Most fictional passages are organized chronologically, but in paragraphs where the narrator is describing a setting or the appearance of a character, the information may be organized spatially. Each grouping follows the same principle of grouping the animals according to their biological family. Sequence The next pattern is sequence, which is structured in chronological order, or in order of time.
Tennen through the football with he arms. It is used to drive home a point and to give special emphasis to the text. Recursion When the speaker discusses a topic, then restates it using different words or symbolism. At school, students are required to submit school exams and research papers as a means for their teachers to grade their progress. For example, to classify three animals, each animal should only fit into one group.
This plan of action is the order in which the material will be presented in the text. Students incrementally develop a variety of oral and written communication skills to engage course content actively, make strong arguments, and communicate effectively with academic and professional audiences. Thus, the cause is the occurrence; the effect is the result. This pattern is best for topics or goals focused on emphasizing certain actions and the results of those actions. For material that shows cause and effect, you need to anticipate the linkage and note the relationship. It provides focus and direction as the writer composes the document, which helps to ensure that the stated purpose is fulfilled.
Description is usually combined with one or more other organization styles, but the example below is purely descriptive. The second triangle represents an organizational structure that starts with the specific, small scale information first and then moves to the more global, big picture stuff. In fact, it is very difficult to write in a way that relies solely on one of the nine rhetorical organization patterns. This is written in chronological order because a biography almost always begins with that person's birth, then describes their childhood, young adulthood, and on and on as they age. It is used to compel an audience to make a change. The main point or main idea of each paragraph, reflecting the organization pattern, is underlined. The causes and effects are just a part of the story, not the organizational pattern.